4 Climate Change Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Course Instructor’s Name Date Reliable

4

Climate Change

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

Course

Instructor’s Name

Date

Reliable Sources and Climate Change

Reliable sources

Some of the reliable sources intended for use in this work include the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the United Nations as follows:

CDC. (2020, July 22). Climate Change and Public Health – Climate Effects on Health | CDC. CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/climateandhealth/effects/default.htm#:~:text=Thehealtheffectsofthese

NASA. (2022). The causes of climate change. Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet; NASA. https://climate.nasa.gov/causes/

United Nations. (2021). Climate change. United Nations; United Nations. https://www.un.org/en/global-issues/climate-change

These sources are reliable based on several considerations. To begin with, they are published by the independent government (CDC and NASA) and non-governmental agencies (United Nations). More so, they are current, hence able to generate updated information on the subject matter. In addition, they publish verified information, which also ensures accountability if needed.

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges to the planet. It remains an unsolved issue that requires a global approach. The human race is at a defining moment concerning the fact that the global population has already started feeling the impacts of climate change. To begin with, it is important to understand what climate change is, how it occurs, and the factors that contribute to climate change. In simple terms, climate change may be defined as the long-term shift of regional or global weather patterns (National Geographic, 2022). Similarly, it can be understood as a long-term alteration or change regarding the temperature and weather of a particular place. Consequently, the weather patterns become less predictable.

Important to understand are the factors influencing climate change. These factors include but are not limited to changes in natural carbon dioxide levels, industrialization, prevailing winds, ocean currents, and human activities (Environmental Protection Agency, 2021). With a particular focus on human-based causes, a better understanding of the occurrence of climate change, and possible solutions is established. Human-caused global climate change results from human activities that have adverse impacts on the ecosystem and the globe in its entirety (United Nations, 2021).

Examples of human activities include pollution, deforestation, and the burning of fossil fuels. These actions contribute to environmental degradation, and the continuous activities generate stress on the planet and its ability to release waste (Unite for Change, 2022). Actions such as the burning of fossil fuels release high levels of carbon dioxide from the ground to the atmosphere. The impact of these actions leads to the concept of the greenhouse effect. The sun’s energy reaches the earth to warm the earth’s surface through a natural process termed the greenhouse effect. Some of the greenhouse gases include methane, ozone, and carbon dioxide, as well as other artificial gases such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) (NASA, 2022).

However, the issue with the greenhouse effect arises with the increased levels of greenhouse gases. This problem is majorly caused by human activities, especially, the burning of fossil fuels. In doing so, a lot of gases are trapped within the atmosphere, particularly, more than the earth needs to warm itself and support life (DCCEEW, 2022). Therefore, the increase in the emission of greenhouse gases causes the earth to heat, hence increasing temperatures. More so, even though the carbon cycle is a normal process, the burning of fossil fuels generates excess carbon dioxide, which becomes harmful to the ecosystem, and causes global warming (University of California Regents, 2022).

Ecological effects associated with climate change

Climate change has far-reaching consequences on the environment, human welfare, as well as ecology. Among the ecological impacts associated with climate change include a disruption in the match between organisms and the environment in which they exist (UCAR, 2021). Whereas some organisms may benefit from multiplication, others are at risk of extinction. Moreover, those that multiply risk putting unbearable pressure on the environment, particularly resources that support their living. Additionally, those that are at risk of extinction face this challenge because climate change ruins their ecosystem, which means that they cannot thrive where they used to (UCAR, 2021). On another note, effects like sea rise cause the loss of coastal ecosystems.

Human health concerns

Climate change can have adverse impacts that extend to the human population. Climate change influences health and diseases in various ways. For instance, extreme instances can mean starvation such as in drought-stricken areas. Whereas air pollution can cause conditions like asthma, water quality impacts may include cholera and leptospirosis (CDC, 2020). Similarly, environmental degradation can lead to migration, and fight for new areas, hence civil conflict. Consequently, affected individuals are prone to stress and mental health issues (CDC, 2020).

Technological solutions

Combating climate change requires improved approaches, considering the impact on our well-being and future generations. One of the ways to address climate change is through technological solutions. An example of a technological solution is a shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy. Solar energy, wind power, and hydropower will be significant milestones due to their zero-emission ability (Irfan, 2022). This approach contributes to a safer and healthier environment that promotes ecological growth.

Another intervention to the climate change challenge is turning towards drought-resistant crops. A shift is needed to minimize the impacts of climate change, especially on the aspect of food production and security (European Commission, 2021). Early warning systems together with sea walls are also beneficial techniques that can be implemented to monitor the situation and ensure that it does not deteriorate.

References

CDC. (2020, July 22). Climate Change and Public Health – Climate Effects on Health | CDC. CDC. https://www.cdc.gov/climateandhealth/effects/default.htm#:~:text=Thehealtheffectsofthese

DCCEEW. (2022). Understanding climate change. Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water. https://www.dcceew.gov.au/climate-change/policy/climate-science/understanding-climate-change

Environmental Protection Agency. (2021, April 15). Causes of climate change. US Environmental Protection Agency. https://www.epa.gov/climatechange-science/causes-climate-change

European Commission. (2021). CORDIS | European Commission. Europa.eu. https://cordis.europa.eu/article/id/90252-drought-tolerant-crops-ready-for-climate-change

Irfan, U. (2022, May 6). This is what we need to invent to fight climate change. Vox. https://www.vox.com/23042818/climate-change-ipcc-wind-solar-battery-technology-breakthrough

NASA. (2022). The causes of climate change. Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet; NASA. https://climate.nasa.gov/causes/

National Geographic. (2022, May 20). Climate change. National Geographic. https://education.nationalgeographic.org/resource/climate-change

UCAR. (2021, March 22). Effects of climate change on ecology | UCAR center for science education. UCAR Center for Science Education. https://scied.ucar.edu/learning-zone/climate-change-impacts/ecology

Unite for Change. (2022, July 11). Human impact on the environment. Unite for Change. https://uniteforchange.com/en/blog/environment/human-impact/

United Nations. (2021). Climate change. United Nations; United Nations. https://www.un.org/en/global-issues/climate-change

University of California Regents. (2022). Burning of fossil fuels. University of California Regents. https://ugc.berkeley.edu/background-content/burning-of-fossil-fuels/