(5 pt.) What is meant by “double entendre” in Fair Phyllis?
(10 pt.) It was customary in the Late Renaissance and especially the entire Baroque period for female parts, in an Opera, to be sung by male castrati (An adult male who was castrated before his voice began to change). Of course, he had to demonstrate a good singing voice. At one time there were over 90 thousand castrati’s in Europe, but only a small percentage made it big in the opera world. History also points out that surgeries were often performed by family members using dirty tools. It has been suggested that half of the boys died from infections not long after surgery. Before we cast stones, let’s wonder what people 150 years from now will be writing about some of our ways that may seem utterly barbaric to people in the 22nd century. The coveted opera stars were hailed very much the same as so many idolized and almost worshiped pop, rock, and rap stars in the USA. The other castrati that did not make it into the opera houses were ostracized and often murdered for being different, and not by choice. Luckily, the men in the 20th and 21st centuries figured out how to sing I the soprano range using “falsetto”. What is your opinion about the social practice of castrati in the Renaissance/Baroque period? Remember that we too will be judged by future generations for our accepted social behavior and practices that to future generations may look and seem barbaric.
(5 pt.) Falsetto: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fNFzfwLM72c Men singing in a false and high female range: Can you find a identify place when the Bee Gees are not singing falsetto? It’s at about the middle of the song. Indicate the area by using timestamps, (elapsed time).
(10 pt.)After having listened to and completed Josquin’s des Prez, Ave Maria using Interact and “focus”. Compare this visual, in color, link of the same piece, and describe which format was clearer to recognize polyphonic, imitative, and harmonized singing. Be sure to include your reason. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qXMZoKofu7g