According to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPST), partner violence/domestic abuse refers to

According to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPST), partner violence/domestic abuse refers to physical, sexual violence, psychological aggression by a romantic or sexual partner, such as spouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, dates, etc.  In addition to severe injury and death, partner abuse or domestic abuse against women, men, and children can have extreme physical and mental consequences yet often remain undetected.  Mckibbing, A. et al. (2018) state, “Domestic Abuse is also a crucial health issue with exorbitant costs to the victim, as well as society at large.”
Screening is strongly recommended by the U.S. Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) for adolescents, adults, especially women of reproductive age and vulnerable or older adults at increased risk for domestic abuse.
According to USPST, numerous screening methods were used to screen for a partner /domestic abuse, including Humiliation, Afraid, rape, Kick/HARK, Threaten/Scheme (HITS) Woman Abuse Screening Tool(WAST).  These screening methods are used in clinical settings. They are administered by a clinician and include different types of questions such as frequency of domestic abuse, physical and emotional of the victims, access to handguns, sexual violence, and so forth (Fisher, B. (2021). However, according to USPSTF.  Using those methods provided no validity or reliability in identifying abuse without recognized signs and symptoms of abuse, which means the evidence often is insufficient to assess abuse and neglect in older or vulnerable adults.
 It is also essential for advanced practice nurses to enhance their knowledge and confidence in screening patients for partner/domestic abuse as they are the first healthcare professionals the patients encounter.