Almutairi 2 Salem Almutairi Professor Jennifer Wilson ENG 1020, Research and Argumentative

Almutairi 2

Salem Almutairi

Professor Jennifer Wilson

ENG 1020, Research and Argumentative Writing

11 November 2021

Annotated Bibliography

Oxford University. Racial Differences in Cigarette Smoking Among Homeless Youth. Oxford University, 2016, www-jstor-org.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/stable/26770011.

The information was gathered from a random sample of homeless kids in Los Angeles County between 2008 and 2009. With ages ranging from 13 to 24, the sample includes 116 African American, 99 Hispanic, and 119 White kids. The disparities in daily smoking among African American, Hispanic, and White children were investigated using Chi-square tests. After removing the effect of potential confounders, propensity score and doubly robust approaches were utilized to obtain a less biased estimate of the link between daily smoking and race/ethnicity.

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Titus, Andea R., et al. Smoke-Free Laws and Disparities in Youth Smoking in the U.S. Elsevier Inc., 2018, eds-s-ebscohost-com.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=10&sid=6babb5f8-b9d7-4c52-8dc4-950b6d43033aredis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ#AN=S0749379721003287&db=edselp.

From 2006 through 2019, examine trends in cigarette smoking among Brazilian people. Methods. They used data from the Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases Telephone Survey to do a time-series analysis. They computed the annual prevalence of current cigarette smokers, heavy smokers, and passive smokers in the workplace and used Prais-Winsten regression to look at linear trends for the full time and the previous five years. They conducted analyses for the entire population as well as for individuals with specific sociodemographic features.

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Arabshahi, Amin, and Siamak Mohbei. Perspectives and Reasons for Smoking Tendency in Youth. Qom University of Medical Sciences,, eds-s-ebscohost-com.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=11&sid=6babb5f8-b9d7-4c52-8dc4-950b6d43033aredis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ#AN=edsdoj.34106803f661412c9d128da9.

The reader will learn about the study’s background and goals in this article. As a significant risk factor, smoking has recently increased the burden of disease, particularly chronic and non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular, respiratory, cancer, and stroke. For a variety of reasons, smoking is very popular. As a result, the purpose of this study was to look at the perspectives and causes of smoking in the young of Qom City, Iran. Materials and Procedures: The content analysis method was used in this qualitative study. The research population comprised of the young of Qom City, Iran, and the research environment included all public areas.

EG, Maia EG, et al. Special Issue on the Effects of Prenatal Smoking/Nicotine Exposure on the Child’s Health. American Public Health Association, eds-s-ebscohost-com.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=8&sid=6babb5f8-b9d7-4c52-8dc4-950b6d43033aredis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ#AN=33600255&db=mnh.

From 2006 through 2019, examine trends in cigarette smoking among Brazilian people. Methods. They used data from the Surveillance of Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Diseases Telephone Survey to do a time-series analysis. They computed the annual prevalence of current cigarette smokers, heavy smokers, and passive smokers in the workplace and used Prais-Winsten regression to look at linear trends for the full time and the previous five years. They conducted analyses for the entire population as well as for individuals with specific sociodemographic features.

Steven, Bayard P., and JINOT jennifer. Respiratory health effects of passive smoking : lung cancer and other disorders. Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1992, hdl.handle.net.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/2027/mdp.39015029197871.

Even though it is an old source, it is has a very valuable information such as, lung cancer in active smokers, long-term animal bioassays, and genotoxicity studies .Hazard identification II: interpretation of epidemiologic studies on environmental tobacco smoke and lung cancer .Population risk of lung cancer from passive smoking — Passive smoking and respiratory disorders other than cancer . Assessment of increased risk for respiratory illnesses in children from environmental tobacco smoke.

Mode of access: Internet.

Slovic, Paul. Smoking : Risk, Perception, and Policy. Thousand Oaks, CA : SAGE Publications, Inc., 2001. https://sk-sagepub-com.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/books/smoking

what made the a very reliable source is because it uses facts and numbers rather than theories. This research is based on the results of two large telephone polls performed between 1999 and 2000, which included responses from over 4000 respondents. This huge number of participants will help the reader to understand the different point of view about smoking.

Shannon, Jette. Female youths’ perceptions of smoking in popular film. 2004, eds-p-ebscohost-com.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=7&sid=9756de10-4fca-483a-82a8-9ae66bdfdc05redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ#AN=mts.b3557266&db=cat00263a.

This source discusses the impact of films and their content on young people. Did the films really encourage teens to smoke by making the main characters in the films practice smoking? In general, smoking in movies is seen as a representation of reality. While respondents (both smokers and non-smokers) were aware that tobacco placement in films is a kind of commercial advertising, they preferred to focus on the cigarette’s function as an artistic tool. Both smokers and nonsmokers were capable of critical readings of a media text, but they rarely applied these skills when seeing tobacco imagery in films.

Daley, et al. A breath of fresh air: The effect of public smoking bans on Indigenous youth. Wiley Subscription Services, Inc., 2021, eds-p-ebscohost-com.ezproxy.mtsu.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=11&sid=9756de10-4fca-483a-82a8-9ae66bdfdc05redis&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ#AN=edsgcl.662448285&db=edsghw.

This is new report that published in 2021, which means the numbers are more accurate. The report is taking a look at two previously unstudied outcomes among teenagers: self-reported health and subjective well-being. According to our Canada difference-in-differences calculations, public smoking restrictions reduced teenage smoking and second-hand exposure in public areas on average. There was no significant relocation, but the prohibitions increased the number of people who smoke in the homes of teenagers, assuming that there were smokers in the home. Beyond the average impacts, we discovered that public restrictions lowered second-hand exposure in Indigenous youth’s households.