IN –TEXT CITATION
Number of authors to include: For a work with one or two authors, include the author name(s) in every citation. For a work with three or more authors, include the name of only the first author plus “et al.” in every citation (even the first citation).
REFERENCE PAGE ESSENTIALS
Online resources: Include url at the end of the reference; do NOT include “Retrieved from”.
Resource found in a library database (EBSCO, CINAHL, Films on Demand): Do NOT include a database name and do NOT include a url. Do include a DOI if there is one.
Provide last names and initials for up to and including 20 authors. When there are two to 20 authors, use an ampersand before the final author’s name.
Publisher location is no longer included in book citations.
ARTCLE FROM A SCHOLARLY JOURNAL
Basic Scholarly Journal Article Format
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article: Subtitle words. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. https://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy
Example of Scholarly Article with DOI
Nguyen, T. T., Gildengorin, G., & Truong, A. (2007). Factors influencing physicians’ screening behavior for liver cancer among high-risk patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(4), 523-6. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0128-1
Example of Scholarly Article from Library Database with no DOI
Ryan, E., & Redding, R. (2004). A review of mood disorders among juvenile offenders. Psychiatric Services, 55(12), 1397- 1407.
PAPER FORMAT ESSENTIALS
Font: Recommended fonts include 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, and 12-point Times New Roman Header: For student papers, the page header consists of the page number only. No running head required.
Title page: Include the title, author names, author affiliation, course number and name, instructor name, assignment due date, and page number.
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Publisher Name.
Print Book Examples
Bonilla-Silva, E. (2017). Racism without the racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America. Rowman & Littlefield. Olsen, Y., & Sharfstein, J.M. (2019). The opioid epidemic: What everyone needs to know. Oxford University Press.
Chapter in a Book Example
Kindler, L.L., & Polomano, R.C. (2017). Pain. In S.L. Lewis, S.R. Dirksen, M.M. Heitkemper, & L. Bucher (Eds.), Medicalsurgical nursing (10th ed., pp. 114-139). Elsevier.
Edited Book Example
Pedersen, P.B., Lonner, W.J., Draguns, J.G., Trimble, J.E., & Scharrón-del Río, M.R. (Eds.). (2016). Counseling across cultures (7th ed.). Sage.
E-Book ExampleIf the book comes from a Library database, end the reference after the publisher name. Goodwin, G., & Sachs, G. (2010). Fast facts: Bipolar disorder. Health Press
Document or Page on a Government or Organization Web Site:
With Individual Author
Author,A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date published or updated). Title of report or document: Subtitle of report. Organization Name. http://someurl
Granath, B. (2016, April 22). Astronaut photography from space helped “discover the Earth”. NASA. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/astronaut-photography-from-space-helped-discover-the-earth.
Document or Page on a Government or Organization Web Site: No Individual Author
Government agency or organization name. (Date published or updated). Title of document: Subtitle of document. Publisher if different from group author. http://someurl
Example from a Professional Organization Web Site
American Nurses Association. (2017). Sharps injury prevention. https://www.nursingworld.org/practice-policy/workenvironment/health-safety/safe-needles/
Format for Government Document (Government Agency as Group Author)-
When numerous layers of government agencies are listed as the author of a work, use the most specific agency as the author in the reference. The names of parent agencies appear after the title as the publisher.
Examples of Government Documents
Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. (2019, January 8). Heart failure fact sheet. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Centers for Disease Control. https://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heart_failure.htm National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2016, December). Cardiac rehabilitation. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/cardiac-rehabilitation