APA 7th Edition is Here!! So What is new?


Number of authors to include: For a work with one or two authors, include the author name(s) in every citation. For a work with three or more authors, include the name of only the first author plus “et al.” in every citation (even the first citation).


Online resources: Include url at the end of the reference; do NOT include “Retrieved from”.

Resource found in a library database (EBSCO, CINAHL, Films on Demand): Do NOT include a database name and do NOT include a url. Do include a DOI if there is one.

Provide last names and initials for up to and including 20 authors. When there are two to 20 authors, use an ampersand before the final author’s name.

Publisher location is no longer included in book citations.


Basic Scholarly Journal Article Format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article: Subtitle words. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages. https://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy

Example of Scholarly Article with DOI

Nguyen, T. T., Gildengorin, G., & Truong, A. (2007). Factors influencing physicians’ screening behavior for liver cancer among high-risk patients. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(4), 523-6. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0128-1

Example of Scholarly Article from Library Database with no DOI

Ryan, E., & Redding, R. (2004). A review of mood disorders among juvenile offenders. Psychiatric Services, 55(12), 1397- 1407.


Font: Recommended fonts include 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, and 12-point Times New Roman Header: For student papers, the page header consists of the page number only. No running head required.

Title page: Include the title, author names, author affiliation, course number and name, instructor name, assignment due date, and page number.


Basic Formats

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Publisher Name.

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Publisher Name.

Print Book Examples

Bonilla-Silva, E. (2017). Racism without the racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America. Rowman & Littlefield. Olsen, Y., & Sharfstein, J.M. (2019). The opioid epidemic: What everyone needs to know. Oxford University Press.

Chapter in a Book Example

Kindler, L.L., & Polomano, R.C. (2017). Pain. In S.L. Lewis, S.R. Dirksen, M.M. Heitkemper, & L. Bucher (Eds.), Medicalsurgical nursing (10th ed., pp. 114-139). Elsevier.

Edited Book Example

Pedersen, P.B., Lonner, W.J., Draguns, J.G., Trimble, J.E., & Scharrón-del Río, M.R. (Eds.). (2016). Counseling across cultures (7th ed.). Sage.

E-Book ExampleIf the book comes from a Library database, end the reference after the publisher name. Goodwin, G., & Sachs, G. (2010). Fast facts: Bipolar disorder. Health Press

Document or Page on a Government or Organization Web Site:

With Individual Author

Basic Format

            Author,A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date published or updated). Title of report or document: Subtitle of report. Organization Name. http://someurl


Granath, B. (2016, April 22). Astronaut photography from space helped “discover the Earth”. NASA. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/astronaut-photography-from-space-helped-discover-the-earth.

Document or Page on a Government or Organization Web Site: No Individual Author

Basic Format

Government agency or organization name. (Date published or updated). Title of document: Subtitle of document. Publisher if different from group author. http://someurl

Example from a Professional Organization Web Site

American Nurses Association. (2017). Sharps injury prevention. https://www.nursingworld.org/practice-policy/workenvironment/health-safety/safe-needles/

Format for Government Document (Government Agency as Group Author)-

When numerous layers of government agencies are listed as the author of a work, use the most specific agency as the author in the reference. The names of parent agencies appear after the title as the publisher.

Examples of Government Documents

Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. (2019, January 8). Heart failure fact sheet. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Centers for Disease Control. https://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_heart_failure.htm National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. (2016, December). Cardiac rehabilitation. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, National Institutes of Health. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/cardiac-rehabilitation