Cancer Prevention

To me, cancer prevention is a practice dependent on an individual, the community and a country. It involves taking measures to counteract and curb incidences of cancer and its mortality. There has been increased cases of cancer in the world making it the leading cause of death globally. Cancer can be avoided, prevented and early detection can be cured. There are measures that can be taken as explained below to help in cancer prevention.

I believe that screening of individuals whether sick or not can be a measure towards cancer prevention. Cancer screening is free in public hospitals. It is therefore one’s responsibility to take the step to know their status. Greene (12) postulates that screening is a secondary method of cancer prevention. The overall goal of screening is to decrease morbidity and mortality that is cancer related by detecting cancer when no evident symptoms are present. Early detection is important since, it enables improved outcomes when treatment is commenced at early stages.

Although many countries have not adopted vaccination as a measure to curb cancer, in my opinion it will play an important role.  For Human Papillomavirus Vaccine (HPV) to be effective, it should be administered before a patient is sexually active (Greene 12). Countries such as Kenya, have adopted vaccination to prevent cervical cancer among women which, is given to girls at thirteen years. WHO (39) is supporting countries to determine whether to include the HPV vaccine to the national immunization programme.  Greene (12) and WHO (39) cites that the HPV vaccine intentions is not to replace cervical cancer screening.

Healthy living is a measure towards cancer prevention. Obesity, poor nutrition and physical inactivity are factors that can lead to increased cancer cases.  According to Greene (10), individuals should regularly participate in physical activities and limit themselves from consuming high-calorie foods and drinks (processed foods) hence, maintaining ideal body weight. WHO recommends that countries should have “national food and nutrition action plan and food-based dietary guidelines” (34). Public and private sectors should ensure that choices of healthy food are affordable and available. Countries and organizations should come up with policies that establish conducive environments for individuals to be physically active. This can be made possible by encouraging traditional sports, alternative transport options and recreational activities (WHO 36). For example, Rwanda came up with a policy where vehicles are not allowed in the towns one day per week. This encourages people to either walk or ride bicycles to work.

Work Cited

Greene, Heather. “Cancer Prevention, Screening, and Early Detection.”

World Health Organization. Cancer control: knowledge into action. WHO guide for effective programmes: prevention. World Health Organization, 2007.

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