Mark is an 18-year-old white man who recently graduated from high school in a small Midwestern town. During the summer prior to entering 12th grade, Mark was involved in a car accident and has been paralyzed from his waist down since then. Because of this accident, and because he wanted to stay close to home for another year, Mark decided to attend the local community college. He is currently enrolled in his first year of community college and plans to go to a large, prestigious university in the eastern United States next fall. His father is a well-known scientist employed by the local university. His mother is a music teacher in a local middle school. Mark has no siblings. Mark stated that he decided to attend college when he was in the first grade. He noted that he always felt that his father wanted “a famous son” and that he feels as though, in some ways, he is competing with his father. In fifth grade, Mark won a prize in his school’s science fair and since then he has devoted considerable time to science competitions in which he has been quite successful. He considers himself to be an authority on numerous scientific and technical topics. Mark values being exact and precise. When he cannot resolve problems through scientific reasoning, he experiences significant anxiety. Mark notes that he “hates to make mistakes.” During high school, Mark was involved in several extracurricular activities. He participated in the drama club and was on the school newspaper staff for three years, rising to the position of editor in his senior year of high school. He reported that serving as editor was the best experience of his high school career. Given Mark’s strong academic record, high college entrance examination scores, and interest in science, he thought majoring in physics at a prestigious university made sense for him. Recently, however, he began to question that decision. In addition, he has heard that many college freshmen have difficulty adjusting to a large university setting and he is anxious about how he would fare in such a situation. He has enjoyed the relaxed atmosphere of the community college but worries that he will not be prepared for more rigorous academic requirements when he transfers to a four-year institution. He is also concerned about accommodations and his ability to “get around.” He has the uneasy feeling that he will make the wrong choice about his future. He wonders if he should transfer or remain at his community college for another year and live at home. Also, he is unsure about what his major should be when he transfers. He requests your help in making these decisions.
Which theory (social cognitive career theory, career construction theory, integrative life planning, constructivist career counseling, or chaos theory of careers) would work the best for career counseling for Mark? Why? How should the counselor proceed with client?