Constitution Breakdown

You can find a digital copy at https://constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitutionAnswer the questions below. Be sure to do so entirely in your own words. Do not rely solely on the summaries of the components on the website because they are not always exhaustive. Part One: The Articles Read each article of the Constitution. Summarize the general purpose of each. Be sure to provide sufficient detail. ArticleSummaryArticle I Article II Article III Article IV Article V Article VI Article VII Answer the following questions: Which article is the longest and most detailed? Explain two reasons why that might be the case. If you could rewrite one article, which would it be and why. Name and explain at least two changes you would make. Part Two: The Amendments Read and briefly describe each amendment to the Constitution. Be sure to explain all sections. AmendmentDescription (of all parts)1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Answer the following: What are the first ten amendments known as, collectively, and why is this the case? Identify the amendments passed in the wake of the Civil War. Collectively what was the goal of these amendments? Identify three amendments that extended suffrage to new groups of people. Briefly explain the historical context that led to the passage of these events. Part Three: The Branches of Government Use the text of the Constitution to answer the following. Provide direct citations, when asked, for the location of the information you used (i.e., the article, section, and clause number). List and explain the six purposes of the Constitution according to the Preamble.What are the two parts of the legislative branch? (Provide citation)What are the written requirements to serve in the House? (Provide citation)How powers of Congress are unique to the House?How many senators does each state have and how were they originally chosen? What amendment changed this?What are the written requirements to serve in the Senate? (Provide citation)Who is the President of the Senate? When can s/he vote in the Senate? (Provide citation)What powers of Congress are unique to the Senate?What is the process for impeachment and removal? What are the voting thresholds for impeachment and conviction? Who can be impeached and for what? Who presides over removals? (Provide citation)Where do all bills raising a revenue begin? (Provide citation)What is required to override a presidential veto? (Provide citation)List 10 powers given to Congress (provide citations for each).List four powers denied to Congress (provide citations for each).How many electors does each state get in the Electoral College? How are these electors chosen? (Provide citation)What are the formal qualifications to serve as president? (Provide citation)List two powers the president has that require the Advice and Consent of the Senate.List three duties of the president according to the Constitution. (Provide citation)What branch of government can create inferior courts?Who appoints and confirms federal judges? How long do they serve? (Provide citation)List five types of cases federal courts may try.Over what types of cases does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction? (Provide citation)How can the Constitution be amended? Explain all methods. (Provide citation)What is one thing the Constitution cannot be amended to allow? (Provide citation)How many states had to ratify the Constitution? (Provide citation) Part Four: Majority and Supermajority Use the Constitution to answer the following questions. The Constitution requires a simple majority for some actions and a super-majority for others. When asked, explain what level of approval is required. If a supermajority is required, explain the threshold (e.g., 2/3, 3/5, 3/4, etc.). What bodies have the power to override a presidential veto?What margin is required to override a veto?Who has the ability to create treaties?What body has the power to ratify treaties?What margin is required to ratify treaties?What body has the power to impeach a governmental official?What body has the power to convict an official of impeachment charges?What margin is required to impeach? And convict?What body has the power to accept or reject the president’s nomination to the Supreme Court?What margin is required to seat a presidential nomination? Part Five: Important Constitutional Clauses The following are important clauses listed in the Constitution or its Amendments For each, define the clause in your own words and explain its importance. Full Faith and CreditCommerce ClauseSupremacy ClauseNecessary and Proper ClauseGeneral Welfare ClauseEstablishment ClauseFree-exercise ClauseDue Process Clause (both 5th and 14th Amendments)Equal Protection Clause