Discussion Question Responses

Ask a question or make a comment showing that you are interested in another person’s post and encouraging him or her to elaborate.
Post a resource (a reading, web link, video, quote, etc.) not covered in the syllabus but adding new information or valuable perspectives to the learning.
Make a comment underscoring the link between two people’s posts and make this link explicit in your comment.
Make a comment indicating that you found another person’s ideas interesting or useful. Be specific as to why this was the case.
Contribute something that builds on what someone else has posted. Be explicit about the way you are building on the other person’s thoughts.

DISCUSSION POST #1
What is Annie experiencing?Anxiety/ panic attack

What are the three stages of General Adaptations Syndrome (GAS)?Alarm, resistance and Exhaustion

What stages is she currently experiencing? What hormone is released during this phase and how does it affect the body?She is in the alarm stage where her heart rate increased and adrenal glades produce cortisol which increases her adrenalin levels.

What are the main organs involved in the response?Heart due to the increase in heart rate and the adrenal glands.

What techniques do you recommend to help Annie calm down?Exercise can help lower stress and reduce anxiety. Eating a well-balanced diet and reducing the stress level the best you can. Also doing some deep breathing exercise and mediation can also reduce stress and reduce the fight or flight response.

Think about your own experience. Describe an incident where your system activated the “fight or flight response”.My personal experience happens a lot more then I would like it to. I have a fear of crowds and new places. When I am going somewhere new and have never been I start to panic before I even leave the house. My chest hurt, it’s hard to breathe, I begin to shake a little and sweat. Just the thought of having to go somewhere even a new grocery store by myself is terrifying to me. If I go with someone else it is less stressful. When I go alone there are times it is so overwhelming I won’t go and make excuses why I can’t go. My Flight response is in full swing. If I have someone with me my fight response is there and I am able to go to where I am trying to go. I am still scared and shaking but it is not as bad as if I were alone.
I experience all 3 stages of GAS. The alarm which is my initial response to an invitation or a planned trip or just going to a new store or mall. I begin to panic. When the stress level gets out of control I begin to get very short tempered with family and friends. I become irritable and once everything starts to calm down which for me could take hours or days to fully recover from a severe episode of my social anxiety. My body is exhausting from fighting with itself and I get depressed over it. Especially if I don’t make to where I wanted to go.

What is post-traumatic stress disorder? What stages of GAS is affected in PTSD?
References:
General Adaptation Syndrome: Your Body’s Response to Stress. (n.d.). Retrieved November 29, 2017, from https://www.healthline.com/health/general-adaptation-syndrome#definition
PTSD: National Center for PTSD. (2007, January 01). Retrieved November 29, 2017, from https://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/PTSD-overview/basics/what-is-ptsd.asp

DISCUSSION POST #2
Hello everyone,
I found this unit’s reading very interesting, since I have experienced this before in my own life. I was looking forward to researching and writing this discussion post, because I have had general adaptation syndrome, or GAS, in the past. In the dialog for this discussion, it turns out that Annie is experiencing general adaptation syndrome, also known as GAS. GAS goes through three stages, and can be scary and frustrating for someone experiencing it. There are three stages of GAS. The first stage is known as the alarm stage. During this stage, you can feel a sudden rush of adrenaline, and you get energy to remove yourself from danger. The alarm phase also allows the speed and power in your body to get out of a situation. This phase is initiated by the autonomic nervous system (Ireland, 2013). The second phase that your body goes through is the resistance phase. During the resistance phase, the body goes through the response to prolonged stress. The body now focuses on surviving the stress that it has been given, instead of evading it. During this phase, you might feel tired, weak, or emotionally fragile. This sounds like an awful stage to me to be going though. I think that it is one thing to have a minor panic attack in the alarm phase; but, it seems almost painful to be going through the resistance phase. The last phase is the exhaustion phase. This phase seems to be exactly what it sounds like, exhausting. This phase lasts until the stress is removed. It can cause poor nutrition, or damage to the heart, liver, and kidneys (Ireland, 2013).
Annie is experiencing the alarm phase right now. Her feeling of terror, shaking hands, and racing heart are all signs of the alarm phase. Some people think of this as a panic attack. The hormone that is released during this phase is epinephrine. Epinephrine is also known as adrenaline. It is released from the adrenal gland in response to stress. I have heard stories about how adrenaline can be an incredible response from the body. I have read in the past about people pushing vehicles that weigh a ton, or lifting objects that cannot usually be moved by the human body. Adrenaline seems like an extremely powerful part of the body. Epinephrine helps the body operate at peak performance, while confronting or avoiding the stressor (Ireland, 2013). It can give the body extreme strength and the ability to act quickly. The main organ involved in this response is the heart. During the alarm phase, your heart rate increases, and your blood pressure rises. This can make strain on your heart, because during the alarm phase, your muscles tense up. Since your heart is a muscle, it also tenses during this phase.
I would recommend that Annie tries some relaxation techniques. Relaxation techniques can help people calm down and not get stressed out easily. Meditation is a good form of relaxation, along with yoga and stretching. This allows the body to calm down and not think about the stress at hand. Breathing exercises are also a popular way of relaxation. Breathing exercises can help sow your heart rate, so that you do not go into a situation, already carrying a speedy heart rate. Maybe listening to calming music right before the stressful task might also help Annie.
One time, I had to present a project for a public speaking class, that made my body activate the fight or flight response. I remember as my turn to present approached, I wanted to run away so that I did not have to face the 300 people in the crowed. Knowing my turn was coming up, my hands started to shake, and my mouth got really dry, just like Annie’s did. I felt nauseous and my heart started to race. I remember this being such a terrifying feeling. The outcome was that after I presented, my heart was still racing, but my other symptoms went away. My hands were no longer shaking, and I did not feel nauseous anymore. The main stage of GAS that I experienced was the same one that Annie went through, which was the alarm phase. While I was in the middle of presenting, my body entered the resistance phase, where my body concentrated on getting the assignment over with. The exhaustion phase was nearly existent for me. Within 30 seconds of sitting back down in my chair, I was completely back to my normal self. It is interesting how nerves can make you feel so scared about a simple task.
PTSD happens after severe stress. This can happen if you witnessed or was victimized by rape or a violent crime (Ireland, 2013). PTSD can get worse over time, but does not get better. I have heard of people in the military forming PTSD; although, I did not know that it can be caused by any kind of traumatic event. It can cause abnormal brain patterns, and can scar the person for the rest of their life. The stage of GAS that is affected in PTSD is the prolonged resistance phase. This makes sense, because it can make the person feel tired and emotionally fragile. Treatments can include psychotherapy or psychoactive drugs. This can help with the person to cope and to stay calm. My heart goes out to anyone suffering with PTSD, because it means that they have either seen or been though a life changing event.
-Shannon Harris
References:
General Adaptation Syndrome: Definition, Phases