1. When the President appoints a nominee to the Supreme Court, he mainly (Points: 1)

considers the Senate’s opinion of the nominee.

selects judges who do not share the President’s views.

selects only pro-life candidates.

considers the nominee’s ideological orientation.

2. Judges who practice what their critics call “judicial activism” argue that judges (Points: 1)

have a responsibility to protect individual rights and liberties.

have a responsibility to be anti-majoritarian because democracy is not always a good thing.

should ask what was the intent of the framers of the Bill of Rights when they framed our civil liberties.

are all powerful and their judgment is superior to the judgment of the people.

3. Judges espousing a philosophy of original understanding maintain that school desegregation cases decided on the basis of the Fourteenth Amendment were wrongly decided because (Points: 1)

the original intent of the framers was to defer to the will of legislative bodies.

we do not know that it was ever the intention of the Fourteenth Amendment to end segregation.

it was only intended to protect the rights of newly freed slaves and not address issues of school segregation.

originalism is contrary to activism.

4. The Judiciary Act of 1789 established all of the following except that the Supreme Court would (Points: 1)

have one Chief Justice.

have five associate justices.

sit in two sessions each year.

determine how many federal districts there would be.

5. An appellate court that hears an appeal on a money laundering case from a district court (Points: 1)

is not concerned with guilt or innocence.

can only send the case back for retrial.

is concerned with whether proper legal procedures were followed during the district court trial.

determines the constitutionality of the law.

6. The trajectory of cases from Roe v. Wade to Parenthood v. Casey appear to suggest that a woman’s right to choose (Points: 1)

cannot be hindered in any way by states.

is completely subject to a state’s legislation.

can be restricted so long as those restrictions do not create an undue burden.

may be imposed upon by undue burdens from the state.

7. The 1964 Civil Rights Act (Points: 1)

required localities to bus students in order to end racial segregation.

overturned the 1921 anti-boycotting law.

ended racial segregation in schools, at the workplace, and by “public accommodations.”

required voters to pass a literacy test before registering.

8. Overall, we learn that civil liberties in the United States mean that (Points: 1)

there is to be a presumption in favor of individual rights, but they can be restricted for a compelling public interest.

individual rights are dependent on the will of the majority and can be changed at any time.

states and legislators are free to create barriers to education, social and financial equality.

civil liberties are absolute and unlimited.

9. The various cases with regards to religious freedom are concerned with excessive entanglements between government and religion. This means (Points: 1)

that non-denominational prayer in schools can be permitted.

voucher systems like the one in Zelman v. Simmons-Harris created a constitutionally allowed choice between public and private schools.

local school boards can provide subsidies to church-related schools.

both religion and government are strengthened when united.

10. Civil liberties understood in terms of negative rights means that the (Points: 1)

government has limited power and authority so that individuals can enjoy freedom.

government must provide things like healthcare.

government has an obligation to assist individuals in enjoying all their rights.

government is prohibited from exercising authority.