FIN571 – Discussion Questions 1 (Corporate Finance)

Must be in APA format, please identify the questions on paper. Cannot accept more than 5% plagiarism, it will be submitted to TurnItIn.
Must be answered in your own words, NO cut and pasted phrased or paragraphs — you can include the URL address so students can click and go to the site, but do not copy and paste (even with references and citations). This way we can avoid plagiarism as well as copyright issues.
When Computing:
You must show work, not just answers. Numbers with formulas, calculator keystrokes, or software such as Excel with formulas in the cell background are all acceptable. No points will be given for only answers; the work must be shown.

Ch 1 – Intro to Corporate Finance:

Many have a difficult time defining the differences between finance and accounting. In your own words (no cutting and pasting from another source) define finance and accounting and state their major differences.

Describe the goal of financial management.

Ch. 2: Financial Statements and Cash Flow.
3. Financial Statement Exercise…
I give this question in the beginning of all my finance classes to see the depth of your foundational knowledge of accounting/finance.
This Activity is more for your review and it will let me know where you all are as far as the basics. Please reply to this thread with your answers — you should use MS Excel as an attachment for this assignment.
PROBLEM (To be done by all) 🙂
Congratulations! You just finished a successful year (YEAR NUMBER 2) as Chief Financial Officer of “Body Fumigation Development” (BFD) and animal extermination facility. The CEO
just asked you for a quick, summarized copy of the financial statements. Of course you say, no problem boss, it will only take me a few minutes—-NOT!! However, like a good employee, you tell him you will produce this summary for him as soon as possible.
a) Construct an Income Statement (use a separate sheet)
Your current year figures are as follows: Revenues, $100,000; Expenses, $45,000; Depreciation Expense, oops¿you still have to figure that out. Two pieces of equipment have been purchased–1
piece in year 1 for $70,000 that has a 5 year life with no salvage value, 1 piece in year 2 for $500,000 that has a 25 year life with no salvage value. You realize that your boss needs this info quickly, so you are just going to figure out the depreciation expense for the current year (year 2). You will use the straight line method. Your tax rate is estimated at 30%.
b) Construct a Balance Sheet (use a separate sheet)
You have current balances as follows: Accounts Payable, $10,000; Accounts Receivable, $50,000; Cash, $20,000; Wages Payable, $30,000; And of course your equipment as stated in the preceding paragraph. Your prior year net income was $0 and prior year paid in capital was $83,000. You do have some stockholder¿s equity (hint: in this section you will have two line items– 1) retained earnings, for which you need to figure out on your own; and 2) paid in capital¿current year paid in capital balance is $537,300)
c) Construct a Cash Flow (use a separate sheet)
All prior year balance sheet items (asset and liability sections only) were 10% lower with the exception of equipment