HIS103 W5 RESPONSES

I have provided my Ashford University login. Guided Response: Review several of your peers’ posts, and respond in a post of at least 150 words to two colleagues who have examined at least one different society than the ones you chose for your initial post. How do the tactics used by a society they have examined compare with or contrast to a society you wrote about in your initial post? Remember to include specific details and examples from course materials or your own research to support your observations.

Post 1: Luke

“According to their foundation myth, around 10,000 Aztecs migrated to the shores of Lake Texcoco in the 1220s. Their arrival marked achange in the balance of power that had existed among the

established tribes and small city-states” (Gregory-Abbott, C., & Mahdavi, F. 2018). The Aztecs were nomads for almost 100 years while they were searching for an omen to tell them where to settle.

The omen is an eagle resting on a cactus with a serpent in its mouth. Aztecs settled on an island in Lake Texcoco. “By 1325 they built their twin capital cities of Tenochtitlán and Tlatelolco.

Tenochtitlán was the political and ceremonial city, and Tlatelolco was the trade center” (Gregory-Abbott, C., & Mahdavi, F. 2018). Religion was life not just a ceremony. The Aztecs believed that they had to please the gods in order to survive. They were in constant fear of making the gods angry.

They believed that the earth had been destroyed many times and when the god remade the earth, they gave their own blood to create it. The Aztec believed that the more time the earth was re-created the closer they were to gods. They believed that they had to spread human blood to give it back to the gods which is why they performed human sacrifices.“Compared to its neighbors and

predecessors in South America, the Incan empire was short lived; however, like the Aztecs to the north, it was extremely powerful and influential, becoming the largest empire to form in the

Americas before the 16th century. The Incas had a rich culture built on the innovations of previous

Andean societies, and archaeological evidence; extensive road systems, mummies, pottery,

musical instruments, gold and silver objects, and textiles—indicates the Incas’ high level of

influence in South America” (Gregory-Abbott, C., & Mahdavi, F. 2018). Like the Aztecs the were thought to have been Nomadic. The Incas settled in Peru. They had similar religious sites to the Aztecs where ceremonies were performed.

Reference

Gregory-Abbott, C., & Mahdavi, F. (2018). World history: The human experience to 1600 (2nd ed.). Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu (Links to an external site.)

Post 2: Jason Sandoval,

My two societies I chose are the Romans and the Vikings.

1, Warfare (either to attack or defend from attack)

Romans:

The Romans are legendary for their war craft and armies ability to not only attack but defend. The romans in their prime conquered most of the civilized world. They had troops on the ground as well as a strong cavalry and even a navy. They were a very formidable to force to face. The generals in the military had unique ways of fighting and also advanced weaponry such as catapolts,sheilds,spears,swrods,ramming devices,and other such weapons in the arsenal they had. The shear numbers also kept them safe from attack. Even if another army were to attack the size of the roman legions could not be matched.

2, Gender roles or expectations

Romans for the most part were a very male dominated society. Women could not vote and were mostly in the back ground behind the men. Social status however played a large role and women married to powerful politicians and generals were given much more respect and leeway for things they wanted or traveling without their husbands. While still in the background women would also have influence over their husbands affairs especially with their estate and children’s up bringing.

Vikings: Warfare (either to attack or defend from attack)

Vikings have a lot of history for their conquests and reaching the far ends of the world in their time. They are most known for their very powerful ships and ability to fight at sea and also use it as a means for quickly transporting their armies to scavenge and pillage areas they set their minds for. They were one of the first societies who extended far across the seas and made long journeys to distant lands who were not expecting to see such a large force from the sea. They were skilled and brutal fighters with mostly simple weapons but well trained. They were also known to be a physically bigger than most men which also helped them to invoke fear into armies and enemies they faced. The Vikings didn’t have a large homestead so attacking them wasn’t really a huge problem because they were so spread out.

Gender roles or expectations:

Vikings like most societies were mostly male dominant but not in ways most were. Men where the kings or over rulers along with mostly the ones who ventured out for scavenging. Women however had a very big role in the culture and were not only allowed to travel with the men for raids but also fought along side them. Viking women were skilled warriors and feared almost as much as the men were. Vikings didn’t have a voting system for their rulers it was passed down through generations unless the king didn’t father an heir in which case the king would appoint his successor. The Viking culture was very brutal and mostly based on the strongest warrior ruled type mentality. Women not only bore children and raised crops for areas they could but also had much influence on their husbands life and decisions.

 

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