I need 20 pages of Introduction about the Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) morphology, taxonomy, behaviour, migration, threats and research with always mention to the North East Atlantic population (of Iceland if possible) and its acoustics although starting always with the overview of the 5 main subspecies (common characteristics). A part of the introduction should also be about passive acoustic monitoring of whales and hydrophones. Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion and Abstract will be done by me. Only the Introduction is needed.
Instructions for the writing:An original should be legibly typed on A4. The manuscript must be typed in Arial, 12
points, double-spaced. Margins of 25 mm should be left at the right-hand side, top
and bottom of each page. The left-hand margin will need 30 mm to allow the
manuscript to be read once bound. Number each page at the middle of the bottom
(Title page is not numbered). Figures and tables, with their legends, should be
included at the appropriate point in the manuscript.
Nomenclature, Abbreviations and Units
Authors should follow internationally accepted rules and conventions. Particular care
should be taken with genetic nomenclature. The international system of units (SI)
should be used; ml is acceptable in place of cm3
for liquid measures. The preferred
form for units is g mL1 and not g/mL. Multiplication of numbers should be indicated
by a multiplication sign with spaces on either side (e.g. 6.2 x 108
) A space should be
inserted between numbers and the units (e.g. 10 mM) and between units by a space
(e.g. mg L-1).
Figures and Tables
Both should be included in the text body. The text should be typed single-spaced in
Arial, 12 points. Figures and Tables must be equipped with a title and a legend. The
title should summarize the content of the figure or the table. Legends should give all
keys to symbols and should also explain error bars. If an experiment was done three
times, this should be stated, as should information on whether all data were averaged
to give the graph shown.
Most systems could have several controls, it is important that the reader understands
what you mean by the term. In particular, never talk of the control; it suggests that
you can only think of one.
See Appendix for examples of proper figures and tables.
TECHNICAL NOTES ON THESIS PRODUCTION
1. It is important to produce clear, well-planned diagrams which should appear in
the text at appropriate size. If you intend to reduce the size of diagrams to half
the size of the original, lines and lettering in the original must be twice the size
you require in the final copy. Avoid fine shading or stippling that will not
reproduce well. Note that large areas of solid black do not copy well.
Be careful of your use of punctuation. In general, titles and headings do not
require full stops. Use a spellchecker on your computer where possible.
When you choose to write in English you may use either British or American
spellings. However, make sure you stick to your choice all through your text.
References should be listed alphabetically according to the initial letter of the
surname of the first author. Where the same authors have published more than one
paper, list them in the order in which their papers appeared. If necessary use a and b
References should include, in the following order: authors’ names; year; article or
chapter title; editors (books only); journal or book title; name and address of
publisher (books only); volume number and inclusive page numbers.
The name of each journal should be abbreviated according to the World List of
Scientific Periodicals (see an EMBO J. paper for reference) and italicized.
References should therefore be listed as follows:
Tugendreich, S., Bassett, D.E., Jr, McKusick, V.A., Boguski, M.S. and Hieter, P.
(1994) Genes conserved in yeast and humans. Hum. Mol. Genet., 3, 1509-
Gehring, W. (1994) A history of the homeobox. In Duboule, D. (ed.), Guidebook to
the Homeobox Genes. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 1-10
Lewin, B. (1994) Genes V. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.