In Chapter 13, your text notes that communities across the U.S. have a tendency

In Chapter 13, your text notes that communities across the U.S. have a tendency to deny that they have gangs, despite the fact that gangs are causing serious problems at schools and in the neighborhoods. A study by Spergel and colleagues (1989) found that maximum participation by key community members is an important factor in reducing gang problems.

Why is community participation the most effective means of gang prevention and control? What are the key components to gang prevention and control? Explain why these components are important.