Jeneya Pouges HIS 450 Dennis Deeb II 10/17/2021 The Sputnik’s Impact on

Jeneya Pouges

HIS 450

Dennis Deeb II


The Sputnik’s Impact on the Cold War and the United States

In the 1950s, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev did boast regarding their technical superiority and the advancing intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBMs) stockpile (Johnson, 2017). The American citizens and experts hoped that their nation would be the first to achieve scientific advancement. As a result, there was a great feat for lagging in technological ability since they assumed the missile to be directed against the U.S. Therefore, to counteract this Soviet missile, the United States policymakers increased the weapons and space programs by developing its ICBMs (The Office of the Historian, n.d). While struggling to develop new technology to overpower one another, the U.S launched various technologies, including a treaty banning nuclear, the Explorer, which were all still slighter compared to the Soviet’s Sputnik. Consequently, it fueled the arms race and space race, while enhancing the Cold War tensions because now these rivals focused on preparing new technological methods to attack one another. Fortunately, in 1960, the U.S political campaigns and lawmakers triumphantly exploited the “missile gap” fear developed between the United States and the Soviet Nuclear Arsenals, making President John Kennedy overpower Eisenhower’s Richard Nixon, the Vice President (The Office of the Historian, n.d). Therefore, this proposal aims to affirm that the Soviets’ Sputnik invention facilitated the space race within the U.S and the associated Cold War. 


Johnson, J. (2017). Sputnik and the space race. Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC.

The Office of the Historian. (n.d). Sputnik, 1957. MILESTONES: 1953–1960.