M7D2: Transnational Gangs’ Threat to Local Communities

Respond to the following, three questions here:The U.S. has identified MS 13 as a transnational criminal organization (TCO).  What effect will that have, if any, on how this gang is dealt with. Also, why these guys and why now? Make a note that OMGs have been international almost since their inception, and yet we’ve not identified them as a TCO, why the difference you think?You might want to check out the following as background (right click and open in new tab):http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Foreign-Policy/2012/1012/MS-13-gang-labeled-transnational-criminal-group-a-first-for-US-street-gang (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/us-ms13-zetas-transnational (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.http://www.insightcrime.org/news-analysis/us-defends-blacklisting-of-salvador-street-gang-ms13 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.2. Additionally, at an ACJS meeting, some years ago, a presenter made the argument that when it comes to investigating, prosecuting, even cooperation re: transnational crimes, almost everything is voluntary. That is, whatever relationships, information, investigation, cooperation, etc. is done voluntarily. What does this mean for addressing the transnational crime problem?3. There was also a great line in one of the Mission: Impossible movies where the head of British Intelligence said “there are no allies in statecraft, only common interests.” What impact does this have on the transnational fight against gangsters? Is the head of British Intelligence in MI-5 right?All initial posts due on Thursday. Replies due by Sunday by 11:59PM. Be sure to review your writing for grammar and spelling before posting.Read any postings already provided by your instructor or fellow students. Read and respond to the conclusions drawn by at least two of your classmates. Remember to read the feedback to your own major postings and reply to it throughout the module.See the Course Calendar for due dates for initial posts and responses.Consult the Discussion Posting Guide for information about writing your discussion posts. It is recommended that you write your post in a document first. Check your work and correct any spelling or grammatical errors.This is a “post first” discussion forum, which means you must submit your initial post before you can view other students’ posts.When you are ready to make your initial post, click on “Reply.” Then copy/paste the text into the message field, and click “Post Reply.” To respond to a peer, click “Reply” beneath her or his post and continue as with an initial post.EvaluationThis discussion will be graded using the SPS Default Discussion Rubric. Please review this rubric, located on the Rubrics page within the Start Here module of the course, prior to beginning your work to ensure your participation meets the criteria in place for this discussion. All discussions combined are worth 30% of your final course grade.Module 7: Module Notes: Transnational GangsWe know that many street gangs are involved in criminal activity. However, the crime is more localized, meaning it is confined to the city or the area in which the gang has an interest. Two mostly Latino gangs—Mara Salvatrucha (MS 13) and 18th Street Gang (M-18) have expanded their criminal activity into Central America and Mexico and are now considered “transnational” gangs, meaning they are criminally active in more than one country.The arrest of more than 11,000 transnational gang members in the past few years clearly shows that this type of gang activity is on the rise. While some outlaw motorcycle gangs, such as the Hells Angels, have had an international presence for many years, this seems to be a new phenomenon for street gangs. Some examples of transnational criminal activity include drug dealing, identity theft, and at times human smuggling.