Mediated Speech Outline (Template) COM380 Public Speaking Team’s Name: Course #/Section: 96

Mediated Speech Outline (Template)

COM380 Public Speaking

Team’s Name: 

Course #/Section: 96

Note: Complete all parts of the Mediated Speech Outline. Review relevant readings and lectures on: Audience Analysis, Researching Your Speech, Supporting Materials for Your Speech, Organizing Your Speech, Outlining Your Speech, Mediated Speaking.  Also, refer to the “Competency Rubric for Mediated Speech” to understand the instructor’s expectations and grading criteria.

Planning for the Mediated Speech with Analysis

Speech Topic:

Universal Healthcare in the United States

Rhetorical Purpose:

To debate whether universal health care for all Americans should/should not be a priority.

Audience Analysis:

(Refer to chapters on Audience Analysis & Persuasive Speaking)

Summarize Audience demographics, prior exposure/knowledge, common ground/interest, disposition/attitude, and situational characteristics. Incorporate results of Audience Analysis Survey about classmates from the Audience Analysis Activity/Discussion in Unit 3. Also, incorporate techniques on “Tailoring your Persuasive Message to Your Audience” from the readings on Persuasive Speaking. 

I realized that most of my audience were college students, with an average age of about 20 (as noted in audience analysis surveys and classroom observations). For my audience, I thought I could start with the needs of my own family and the convenience of universal health care for ourselves, develop an idea that universal health care should be a priority, and then relate that idea to the lives of my audience. As the audience is college students, they do not know the importance of health and do not attach importance to universal health insurance, but it is closely related to their families. I hope the subject of our debate will attract the attention of college students. In addition, college students’ focus on their families can also draw students who are not interested in universal health care into our debates. For me, I think it’s best to keep the audience interested by integrating different types of data and providing relevant background information.


Persuasive claims:

(refer to chapter on Persuasive Speaking) 

Organizing fact claims, value claims, or policy claims?  Please explain.

Fact claims and policy claims.

Organizational Pattern:

(refer to chapters on Organizing Your Speech & Informative/ Persuasive Speaking)

Causal, comparison, categorical, criteria-application, motivated sequence, problem-cause-solution pattern, or comparative advantage? You also want to think about the pro and con sides.  Please explain.

Because I have organized policy and factual claims in this talk, I have chosen to organize causal statements. This combination of models helps explain why people should support universal health care. By comparing the current situation of families with and without free medical care, the audience can more vividly understand the importance of universal medical care in life.

Methods of Persuasion/Informative Techniques: 

(refer to chapter on Methods of Persuasion)

How do you plan to use evidence and reasoning (logos), and avoid logical fallacies? Do you plan to use emotional appeals? (pathos) or credibility (ethos)? What informative techniques will be used to provide background information on this topic

First, I’m going to use credible references to raise the audience’s confidence in universal health care — that is, to convince them that it’s something to look forward to and that it will provide the necessary protection. Secondly, the audience’s sympathy can be obtained through emotional appeal, so that they can be emotionally touched, so as to strengthen their sense of identity.

Types of Supporting Materials:

(refer to chapter on Supporting Materials)

What types of supporting materials do you plan to include? (e.g., examples, definitions, testimony, statistics, narratives, analogies) 

The talk included narratives, examples, and evidence to boost audience support for universal health care.


Types of Research Sources:

(review “Background Information” for the Speech Research Activity)

What types of research sources (e.g., primary, secondary, and/or tertiary) do you plan to use to support the thesis statement and main points?  Please explain. Note: 5 credible and relevant sources are required including at least 1 source from a Rutgers University Libraries periodical database.

I plan to use an authoritative book and three reports from the Internet, as well as a book from the Rutgers University Library, as my secondary material.

Mediated Speech “Formal Outline”


Write in complete sentences. Refer to chapter on Outlining Your Speech.


Attention Getter:

Healthcare has always been a major issue. During the Civil Rights Movement, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. stated, “of all the forms of inequalities and injustices, healthcare is the most shocking and inhumane.” (Wiley) In 2020, 8.6% of the population of the US did not have health insurance at any point during the year, that is approximately 28 million people. (Census) Many Americans do not have access to basic health care and it is time to discuss the importance of universal health care for all Americans.


Thesis Statement:

Universal Healthcare is not only a necessity, but simply a basic human right. __________


Connection with Audience:

Universal Healthcare is an important subject for all Americans. It is important that everyone in the US is concerned about the health of those in the lower socioeconomic bracket.


Team’s Credibility:

We are all students at a University in America. While the US is among the wealthiest nations in the world, the American society is not aware of the public health implications that are encountered because of the lack of a universal healthcare system. Our group has the resources and knowledge to help educate others. 


Preview of Main Points (how the debate will run):


Mediated Speech “Formal Outline” (contd.)


Write in complete sentences. Important: Include evidence and reasoning and other persuasive appeals in sub-points (refer to source in each sub-point by paraphrasing, quoting, or summarizing with a citation following APA format – 6th edition), and insert transitions between main points. Refer to chapters on Researching Your Speech, Outlining Your Speech, and Informative Speaking Persuasive Speaking, & Methods of Persuasion.


Main Point One:

It is morally unjustifiable to withhold health care to any citizen given our current environment which is not conducive to human health

Sub-point A/Pro: (w/source citation, if applicable)

The most apparent example of the dangerous climate of health that we have today is the coronavirus. The virus itself is quite terrible, but what is even worse is what it represents. At any point in time, our entire population is susceptible to a widespread, life-threatening pandemic. Most people are not able to afford an expensive medical bill at the drop of a hat. A survey done by the American people showed, “50 percent of all adults would have difficulty paying for a $400 emergency expense, with 19 percent of adults—one in five—not being able to pay the expense at all”(Source 3). We should not simply pray that we never have another virus again, but instead take action to prevent the damage that one might cause.

Sub-point B/Con: (w/source citation, if applicable)

It is no secret that the food we eat lacks the nutrition that we need. Modern technology allows us to engineer the greatest tasting foods in human history by separating nutrients from their original whole food and combining them with others. While changing our nutritional habits as a country is possible, it will be extremely difficult and would take a long time. Therefore, we need to acknowledge the current state of food quality in America and account for it, now, not later. We know how hard these foods can be to abstain from and we know they will have negative health consequences. Our best and only viable action that we can take is to give health care to these people who will one day need it.

Sub-point C: (w/source citation, if applicable)

Less physical activity



Main Point Two:

Universal Health care is not just an ethical responsibility, but also an investment in the American people

Sub-point A/Pro: (w/source citation, if applicable)

By increasing the standard of health for the average citizen, we can expect to see things like increased quality of life. Increased productivity

Sub-point B/Con: (w/source citation, if applicable)

Increased life span, more people, expansion in job market

Sub-point C: (w/source citation, if applicable)

Increased spending leads to increased dollar turnover



Main Point Three:

By implementing universal health care, we can reverse the damage done to our medical institutions which set our health care prices far above any other country

Sub-point A/Pro: (w/source citation, if applicable)


Sub-point B/Con: (w/source citation, if applicable)

Universal health care will place political pressure and financial incentives on medical providers to give cost-effective and efficient, long term health practices that will actually improve the collective quality of health

Sub-point C: (w/source citation, if applicable)

This will ultimately mean that in the long term universal health care will not be as expensive as we think


Mediated Speech “Working Outline”


Write in complete sentences. Refer to chapter on Outlining Your Speech.


Summary of Main Points/Arguments:

By discussing the medical dilemmas facing our people, the benefits of promoting universal health care, and the obstacles to achieving universal health care, we became more aware of the importance of this policy in people’s lives.



What if your loved one is the next person to face a huge medical bill that they can’t afford? Would you buy health insurance for them? What would you choose? Do you give up your health insurance and put all your savings into savings, or do you give up your health care and keep your money?

Reference List

Include a complete Reference List (i.e., Bibliography) for five (5) research sources including at least 1 scholarly source from a Rutgers University Libraries periodical database that was referenced in the Main Points (sub-points). All sources are to meet the 6 criteria:  expertise, objectivity, accuracy, currency, origin, and relevancy. The Reference List is to follow APA format style guidelines (6th edition). Refer to the chapter on Researching Your Speech, and also the APA Resources at the end of this document.

Full Citation I:

Butticè, C. (2020). Universal health care. Greenwood, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC. Rutgers library.

Editorial.( 2021).Universal health care must be a priority — even amid COVID

Jack Hadley. (2000).Consequences of the Lack of Health Insurance on Health and Earnings


Jennifer Tolbert , Kendal Orgera Follow, Anthony Damico. (2020). Key Facts about the Uninsured Population


Terri  Williams. (2021). Don’t Have Health Insurance? What’s the Worst That Could Happen?

Full Citation II:

Full Citation III:

Grover, M. (2021, June 11). What a $400 emergency expense tells us about the economy | Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

Full Citation IV:

Full Citation V:

APA Resources

Research sources that will be referenced in your speeches (and cited in the “Speech Outline” and the Reference List) are to follow APA style format (6th edition). The following resources can assist you in citing your sources and creating the Reference List (bibliography) following APA guidelines:

Rutgers University Libraries – LibGuide: Writing and Citation Formatting Electronic Reference Sources – See:

The OWL at Purdue Online Writing Lab: Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing (for sub-points) – See: and 

The OWL at Purdue Online Writing Lab: In-Text Citations (for sub-points) – See: and 

The OWL at Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA Formatting and Style Guide – Reference List – See: 

The OWL at Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA Formatting and Style Guide – See: Research and Documentation Online: APA List of References – See: 

Trinity University: Citing Sources (select APA Style and content type from drop-down menu) – See: 

Cornell University Library: APA Citation Style – See:  

University of Maryland University Libraries:  Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sources – See:

Ref Works is Web-based citation management software that can help you to create your own research database and generate bibliographies or works cited lists in a specified style such as APA. All of the sources listed under the Finding Journals tab will allow you to export references. See: