1.Why is it important for the authors to make distinctions between the educational experiences of American Indian children and the experiences of white children?
- Explain the authors’ resistance and hostility toward “sympathetic whites” and their educational models for Native children. How do they see work of “do-gooders, the white Indian lovers”?
- “Civilize Them with a Stick” ends with powerful conclusion: “Racism breeds racism in reverse.” (p. 413) Consider this statement alongside the many accounts of racist violence directed toward Indians and discuss the tensions of this statement.
- What are some of the differences between American Indian civil rights movements and the civil rights movements of other U.S. minorities? (p. 501)
- Describe the racial factor that must be considered in the development of a civil rights framework for American Indians.
- What has been the consequence of racism toward American Indians, especially in terms of the U.S. government’s treatment of and attitude toward American Indian communities?
- What question does Elk v. Wilkins (1884) put before the Court?
- What does this case reveal about the nature of citizenship in the United States?
- What environmental justice issues do Native Americans face today, and why?
- What does the tension over Eagle Rock illustrate about Native American environmental justice concerns?