Oppression: Roe v. Wade Introduction A. The 1970 lawsuit by Jane Roe

Oppression: Roe v. Wade


A. The 1970 lawsuit by Jane Roe (fictional name) against Henry Wade is a significant debate on women’s rights in today’s society especially following the recent overturn of the court decision that protected the right to abortion (Ginsberg & Shulman, 2021).

B. The decision to overturn Roe v. Wade has led the conversation of oppressing women’s rights with a significant focus on their democracy and right to make decisions about their reproductive care (Coen-Sanchez et al., 2022).

C. Thesis Statement: The 1970s lawsuit significantly reflected the oppression of human rights. The changes in the Supreme Court decision further establish how the United States is willing to diminish women’s rights and diminish their democracy by limiting the accessibility to reproductive health.

Literature Review

Research studies on the current overturn of Roe v. Wade have focused on its repercussions on women’s health.

Coen-Sachez et al.’s (2022) study examine how the collision between politics and reproductive health will impact women’s education, well-being, gender equity, and employment. The authors conclude that the repercussions of this incident will establish a continuous oppressive history of exploiting and seeking control over women.

Lazzarini (2022) explores ways that the end of Roe v. Wade illustrates how much the state seeks to oppress the public by creating regulations about the health and well-being of women. The article shows the severity of state power on women’s reproductive health and healthcare facilities that have to deal with the impossibilities of the new regulations.

Ginsberg and Shulman’s (2021) article talks about life after Roe v. Wade and anticipates potential implications if it was to be reversed. The article illustrates how unsafe abortions would rise, and many women will be oppressed because they will have to choose different paths in case of an unwanted pregnancy.

Traub et al. (2022) contend that the decision raises concerns about many pregnant people’s physical and psychological health in America. The article explores the limitations this decision will create for the patient and provider relationships, thus hindering quality and safe care for pregnant patients.

Frederico, Michielsen, Arnaldo, and Decat’s (2018) study illustrates the various ways that women lack autonomy in abortion decision-making, thus illustrating the deep-rooted nature of how much society creates limitations for women to exercise their rights with little acknowledgement of how it implicates their accessibility to quality care.

Current research studies on Roe v. Wade seek to illustrate the contributions of the recent overturn to the oppression of women and healthcare policies.

Proof of Oppression

Accessibility is an increasingly growing social problem in America, and the rising bans on abortion in different states will lower accessibility for many pregnant women seeking abortion (Delaney, 2022; Ginsberg & Shulman, 2021).

According to Lazzarini (2022), the state now holds power over women’s health, and following the historical progression of oppression and control over women’s rights, the situation will further cause safety and quality care issues for women’s reproductive health.

The politicization of reproductive health, as illustrated by the overturning of Roe v. Wade, gives states the power to impose population control over their respective regulations and further establish supremacy because the situation will further create equality gaps in race and ethnicity (Coen-Sanchez, 2022; Sidik, 2022).

Women are set to endure the severe implications of the overturn as they no longer have any democracy over their reproductive health. These attributions will generate severe implications such as unsafe abortions, maternal deaths, financial insecurity, and ethnic and racial inequalities.

Structural causes

The political collision with women’s reproductive health facilitates women’s rights injustices as governments make health decisions from a political perspective (Blystad, Haukanes, Tadele, & Moland, 2020).

The restrictive abortion laws in various states in America create a financial burden on individuals seeking abortion care which in most cases leads to cheap and unsafe abortions (Rodgers et al., 2021).

Social determinants such as religion, social norms, gender stereotypes, and socioeconomic status play a significant role in decision-making for abortion laws and thus leading to impractical and oppressive regulations for women (Frederico et al., 2018).

Women are exposed to sociocultural barriers that disregard their potential to advocate for their rights in society, especially in decisions about their reproductive with factors such as demographics, education, values, and so many factors where women do not have autonomy (Frederico et al., 2018)


The Roe v. Wade lawsuit was a significant highlight of the state’s power over women’s reproductive rights, and the recent overturn of the 1973 decision further illustrates the continued oppression of women.

Research studies agree that the decision will have immense implications for women, families, providers, and the healthcare industry as it is set to have severe repercussions on health outcomes.

Numerous attempts to control women’s autonomy in their reproductive health decisions is proof enough that women have been historically oppressed by society even on matters that they should make individual decisions.

With various political, social, structural, and ideological elements influencing the abortion decision laws in America, there are undisputed indications that the oppression of women is deeply rooted in society, and many women are seeking advocacy against these injustices.


Blystad, A., Haukanes, H., Tadele, G., & Moland, K. M. (2020). Reproductive health and the politics of abortion. International Journal for Equity in Health, 19(1), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-020-1157-1

Coen-Sanchez, K., Ebenso, B., El-Mowafi, I. M., Berghs, M., Idriss-Wheeler, D., & Yaya, S. (2022). Repercussions of overturning Roe v. Wade for women across systems and beyond borders. Reproductive Health, 19(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-022-01490-y

Delaney, N. (2022). Harvard Kennedy School faculty analyze what the U.S. Supreme Court ruling ending constitutional protection for abortion means for civil rights, American democracy, law, and policy. Harvard Kennedy School, Retrieved November 16, 2022, from https://www.hks.harvard.edu/faculty-research/policy-topics/fairness-justice/roe-v-wade-has-been-overturned-what-does-mean

Frederico, M., Michielsen, K., Arnaldo, C., & Decat, P. (2018). Factors Influencing Abortion Decision-Making Processes among Young Women. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020329

Ginsberg, N. A., & Shulman, L. P. (2021). Life without Roe v Wade. Contraception and Reproductive Medicine, 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40834-021-00149-6

Lazzarini, Z. (2022). The End of Roe v. Wade—States’ Power over Health and Well-Being. New England Journal of Medicine, 387(5), 390-393. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp220655

Rodgers, Y. V. D. M, Coast, E., Lattof, S. R., Poss, C., & Moore, B. (2021). The macroeconomics of abortion: A scoping review and analysis of the costs and outcomes. PLoS ONE, 16(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0250692

Sidik, S. M. (2022). The effects of overturning Roe v. Wade in seven simple charts. Nature, Retrieved November 16, 2022, from https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-022-02139-3

Traub, A. M., Mermin-Bunnell, K., Pareek, P., Williams, S., Connell, N. B., Kawwass, J. F., & Cwiak, C. (2022). The implications of overturning Roe v. Wade on medical education and future physicians. The Lancet Regional Health–Americas, 14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lana.2022.100334