Pandemics of Communicable Disease

The advancements of many scientists, in multiple fields, can often be attributed to the work of those who came before us. We rely on the experience and research of public health practitioners who came before us, and this is sometimes a traditional method established long ago. Consider the use of quarantine to limit the spread of communicable diseases. Quarantine practices have been used since the 14th century beginning with the European plague epidemic of 1347–1352 (Tognotti, 2013) and subsequently used in the 18th century for yellow fever and the 19th century for cholera.

However, as COVID-19 has demonstrated, quarantine and other methods for curbing community infection, raise a variety of political, economic, social, and ethical issues that may become obstacles to an effective public health response. In our global world, there is an increased risk of the emergence and rapid spread of infectious diseases, causing great distress, overburdened health care systems, fear, panic, and anger, all amplified by global media. We rely on the proper planning and mandated use of public health measures to keep people healthy and safe. “Successful responses to public health emergencies must heed the valuable lessons of the past” (Tognotti, 2013).
In this Discussion, you will explore the lessons public health professionals learned from the 1918–1919 global Spanish influenza outbreak and how they have been translated into improved pandemic responses that have been put into practice since then.
Post a response in which you:
Describe three lessons that can be learned from the 1918–1919 Spanish influenza outbreak. For each lesson, explain:The nature of the lesson.
The context in which the lesson became clear.
The individuals, groups, or stakeholders that were involved.
The earliest source that can be found published the lesson.
Respond to at least 2 posts in a substantive way and respond to all instructor queries. In your responses, address at least one of the following:Expand upon the lessons learned by your peers by finding additional information relating to the lesson.
Discuss additional stakeholders that may have contributed.
Ask a question that further clarifies the lessons learned.
Second initial post: By Day 4 of Week 6Post a response in which you:Describe the most recent or current global epidemic or recent pandemic, including information aboutThe disease.
The population at risk or most affected by it.
The public health response.
Stakeholders are involved in planning and implementing this response.
The response of the public.
How public health agencies attempted to guard against misinformation and the role they played in addressing it.

Respond to at least 2 posts in a substantive way and respond to all instructor queries. In your response, address at least one of the following:Expand upon the impact of the epidemic or pandemic.
Discuss additional stakeholders that were or should have been part of planning and implementing a response.
Recommend additional public health or other agencies that could have assisted in the effort to minimize impacts.