Part One: Explain what a believer in first the American Ideal paradigm then a believer in the paradigm of Nazi Aryan mythology might do in the following situation:
Terrorists are holding thirty American hostages, and they are demanding that the American military turn over a Middle Eastern man who is a prisoner at an American base. The terrorists hate the man and wish to behead him because he has betrayed the terrorists and revealed some of their most important secrets. The Americans have been holding the man because they are certain he has participated in some acts of terror, and he has revealed the secrets because they’ve promised to give him a fair trial and a reduced prison sentence in exchange for his cooperation. The base is not in the United States but in a country that would raise no objections if the Americans decided to turn him over to the terrorists.
Part Two: Consider what believers in the Buddhist paradigm, the Christian paradigm, and the American Ideal paradigm represented by Captain America might say about the following situation:
A very handsome young man with a quick wit and charming manner has been carrying on relationships with two women who live far enough apart not to run into each other, so he has been able to get away with lying to each of them. Both of the women are kind and loving toward him, and because he did not have a very loving mother, he craves their kindness. However, lately he has been feeling stress and cannot locate the cause. He has begun to drink somewhat heavily and has trouble sleeping at night.
Part Three: Comment on the following story from the paradigms of Traditional Shinto and American Ideal represented by Wonder Woman:
Daphne (which mean “laurel” in Greek) was a wood nymph, the daughter of the river god Perseus. She was one of those free-spirited women in mythology who was more interested in hunting and fishing than in men. Her father feared that she would ever marry; he was more interested in grandchildren than in having her bring back still more meat for the table. The god Apollo saw Daphne one day and fell instantly in love with her. He was unable to think about anything but her, and he pursued her, but she was not interested at all. Furthermore, she knew that relationships with gods could be dangerous, and Daphne had a human father, so she was mortal. Apollo chased her through the forests until she became more and more afraid. There was no way she could outrun him, so she cried to her father for a miracle to save her. Suddenly, she felt her feet becoming rooted in the earth. She could not move. Leaves sprouted from her arms—she had become a living laurel tree. The gods then declared the laurel tree the sacred tree of Apollo. To this day, at poetry contests and athletic events, the winners are given crowns made from the leaves of the laurel tree.
in each response include:
make each of the paradigms completely clear
apply the paradigms completely clearly. explain completely what a person holding each paradigm would do or comment
cover all the characters in the scenarios and support your answer with references to parts of the paradigm to explain why they would do or think what you say they would
Here are some very brief summaries of the paradigms
Christianity: a linear, monotheistic religion centered around a “savior” spiritual hero with teachings that favor the poor, meek, and non-violent, but which has a definite notion of judgment after death. See: The Sermon on the Mount, (sloth, anger, envy, pride, lust, gluttony, and greed), and the Ten Commandments.
Buddhism: a cyclical religion without gods but with a great, unifying “over soul” which includes reincarnation, karma, and nirvana and which teaches the four noble truths, the eight-fold path, and the importance of meditation in gaining enlightenment by freeing the mind of the distractions and delusions that desire creates. See: The Story of Buddha.
Traditional Shinto: an animistic religion that two original creator deities, the male Izanagi and the female Izanami, created the islands of Japan and countless “kami,” the spirits that inhabit everything in nature and are the “moral” basis of good and evil. This religion also holds that humans become kami when they die and were, in fact, created by the gods. See: the packet on traditional (not nationalistic) Shinto.
The Divine Bloodline (which takes in both the Nazi mythology and Nationalistic Shinto): the belief that humans in a culture have the same sacred “blood” as a creator god or goddess and that because they do, the god or gods are on their side in wars and that other cultures are inferior because they do not have sacred blood. See: The packet on Nazi Mythology.
The American Ideal of Equality and Individualism: the idea that everyone should have equal opportunity and freedom of expression in the pursuit of happiness. This paradigm is embodied in super heroes such as Captain America and Wonder Woman. See: The comics and films of Captain America and Wonder Woman.