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Critical thinking as defined by (The Foundation for Critical Thinking, (n.d.) is the “ability to think in a systematic and logical manner with openness to question and reflect on the reasoning process used to ensure safe nursing practice and quality care”. Nurses must use critical thinking in every aspect of the nursing process. For example the nurse taking care of an elderly man with pneumonia who is requiring high flow oxygen, understands and uses critical thinking prior to showering the patient without continuous oxygen while in the bathroom. She understands that his tissue perfusion will be altered for such activity. Instead the RN chooses to bathe the patient while in bed, with continuous oxygen, also includes breaks to preserve energy while ensuring patient safety is maintained. Using such skill improves patient outcomes. “Critical thinking skills are very important in the nursing field because they are what you use to prioritize and make key decisions that can save lives” (, 2018).
“The term evidence-based practice has become pervasive in the health care industry. This concept signals a major shift in how health care providers deliver their services, and in how health care institutions function. It is no longer acceptable just to perform in a given way because “that’s how it’s always been done.”(Melnyk, B.,