PeerScholar Assignment What is peerScholar? https://vimeo.com/603191370 (Links to an external site.) How

PeerScholar Assignment

What is peerScholar?

https://vimeo.com/603191370 (Links to an external site.)

How does peerScholar Work?

https://vimeo.com/603191389 (Links to an external site.) 

Instructions

The following two research articles will be part of this activity …(use one of these two articles)

https://scholarworks.calstate.edu/downloads/4f16c335k (Links to an external site.)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8045778/ (Links to an external site.) 

You will be focusing on one of these for the steps below, and you can choose which one.  Look at the tasks described below, then check out both papers.  Decide which one you feel most comfortable summarizing.  By the way, if the experiments have more than one experiment, you can focus on just one experiment.  So find the experiment you most like!

Summarize one experiment from one of these articles in your own words (with proper APA citations). Your summary should include all of the following information:

Discuss the theory was the research based on (Note, these are sometimes not explicitly stated.  You may have to figure it out once you identify the hypothesis)

Highlight at least one of the hypotheses the experiment was meant to address

Discuss all relevant variables, and specify if they were dependent or independent variables

What research method was being used to address the hypothesis?

What was the result of the research? Did the result confirm the hypothesis or not?

Imagine you are now the researcher, and do the following:

Propose an experiment that could extend this research further.   

Explain why you think it would be a good idea to conduct this follow up experiment. 

To get the best grade, try to justify your idea in the context of the theory.How might your experiment provide a better understanding of what is happening?  That is, rather than just saying “I’d do it again with more participants” try to come up with another prediction that flows from the theory and suggest a test for it.

Your paper should be between 500 and 800 words (excluding reference list and citations)(do not go over 850words). If your work is noticeably outside these guidelines, you will lose marks. The summary section of your paper is worth 4 marks, your research extension is worth 2 marks, so the amount of words devoted to each should roughly follow that proportion (2/3 summary, 1/3 research extension.)

Citations

You must reference all articles you refer to in your paper in proper APA style. Both an in-text citation and a reference list in APA style are required.

Any claim you make that is not obviously true must be backed up by a citation, in APA style, as well. This citation should be for a scholarly reference (i.e. a peer-reviewed scientific journal article) or the textbook.

FAQ

Q: Can I use personal pronouns?

A: Yes.

Q: Do I need to double space / include a running head / etc.?

A: No. For this assignment we require that your citations be in APA style (both in-text and reference list at the end), but we aren’t concerned with spacing or the other elements of APA style for this assignment.

Q: I am confused about how to find the theory of the journal article, in other word, what features do theory has that can help me find it more effectively?

This can indeed be tricky. I think we scientists sometimes get a little lazy and we do not say things like “The theory I am testing is …” or “here is the hypothesis I draw from that theory”. Instead, researchers typically describe some finding and in the process suggest an explanation of it … that explanation is the theory. There experiment typically tests that theory in some way … that is, they manipulate some variable (the independent variable) that the theory suggests should matter … that manipulating it should have some effect. That proposed effect is they hypothesis, which should be a very specific prediction drawn from the more general theory.

Sometimes then it makes sense to start with the independent variable. What was it that they varied across the conditions of their experiment? From there you can usually figure out the hypothesis … the hypothesis is what makes them believe that manipulating that variable will matter … it is the description of what they expect to happen when they manipulate that variable. Once you know the hypothesis, then the theory is the more general belief that is expressed through the specific hypothesis.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/difference-between-hypothesis-and-theory-usage#:~:text=Inscientificreasoningahypothesis,phenomenaalreadysupportedbydata.&text=Inscientificreasoningahypothesisisconstructedbefore,applicableresearchhasbeendone.