Problem Solving with Microeconomic Tools

Price elasticity of demand tells us how much quantity demanded will decrease when price increases or how much quantity demanded will increase if price decreases.On the other hand, according to the law of supply, if the price increases, quantity supplied of a good or service will increase. Similarly, if price decreases, quantity supplied will decrease. The degree of sensitivity (responsiveness) of production/supply to a change in price is measured by the concept of price elasticity of supply.Total revenue is calculated as the quantity of a good or service sold multiplied by its market price. Thus, it is a measure of how much money a company makes from selling its product. The core objective of a firm is maximizing profit. One of the ways to maximize profit is increasing total revenue. The firm can increase its total revenue by selling more items or by raising the price. Among others, this depends on the nature of the price elasticity of demand. Moreover, the length of time is an important factor in determining price elasticity of demand and supply.Make sure to include the following:•    Explain the concept of elasticity in markets using a formula •    Explain the relationship between the price elasticity of demand and total revenue using a formula •    What are the impacts of various forms of elasticities (include elastic, inelastic, unit elastic) on business decisions and strategies to maximize profit? Explain your responses using empirical examples and formulas•    Is the price elasticity of demand or supply more elastic over a shorter or a longer period of time? Why? Give examples.•    Explain the impacts of market failures on demand•    Explain the impacts of market failures on supply•    What are the impacts of market imperfections (failures) on the price elasticities of demand and supply? How can these problems be alleviated through supply? How can these problems be alleviated through demand? •    What are the impacts of government imperfections (failures) on the price elasticities of demand and supply? How can these problems be alleviated through supply? How can these problems be alleviated through demand?