Social and Personality Development: Ch 3 Discussion

Ch 3 Discussion

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If your parent/caregiver had rated you as a young child on the temperament dimensions discussed in this week’s chapter, what would they have said? Offer some specifics. Do you think your temperament has remained “stable” through your life (suggesting genetic influences)? Do you think your temperament has changed from the time you were small (suggesting environmental influences)? Offer your explanation of how and why your basic temperament has changed…or has remained stable.

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Temperament is defined in the power point as an individual’s typical mode of response including activity level, emotional intensity, and attention span; used particularly to describe infants’ and children’s behavior. According to my mom I was a mixture of an easy baby and a difficult baby. In the early stages of life I was an easy baby, I would, eat, sleep and I did not cry a lot. It wasn’t until I started teething that I became a difficulty baby, and would scream for hours on end. According to the power point, temperament, which has a biological basis, contributes to social development via differences in emotionality, activity level, and sociability. The environment can contribute to the likelihood of problems related to temperament. I think in general everyone’s temperament changes from the time they were small to the time they are older because in life you will experience things that change you. Over all you should remain “stable” because your temperament shouldn’t change in extreme ways. If it does, that indicates that someone may have had a trouble childhood or been a “difficult” baby. Some temperament causes and consequences include: activity, which is the level of gross motor activity including rate and extent of locomotion. Low—shyness, behavioral inhibition to novelty and challenge, especially social. High-intensity pleasure, pleasure derived from activities involving high intensity or novelty. Smiling and laughter, positive affect in response to changes in stimulus intensity, rate, complexity, and incongruity. Impulsivity, the speed of response initiation. Positive anticipation, which is positive excitement and anticipation for expected pleasurable activities. According to Kimberly J. Saudino, “using parent ratings, the most frequently employed measure of temperament in infancy and childhood provide strong evidence of genetic influences on temperament.” Meaning that genetics play a large role in temperament. According to Saul McLeod, who wrote the article called Psychology Perspectives, tends to see temperament from a mixed side of views, some being genetics forma biological perspective. As well as some from the behaviorist perspective meaning nurture also plays a large role in temperament. Over all, my own temperament remained stable throughout my lifetime due my biological genetics as well as how my parents raised me to be as well as the things I have been exposed to in my life so far.

Mcleod, S. (1970, January 1). Psychology Perspectives. Retrieved January 20, 2020, from https://www.simplypsychology.org/perspective.html

Saudino, K. J. (2005, June). Behavioral genetics and child temperament. Retrieved January 20, 2020, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1188235/

 

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I was a very difficult child, it was challenging for me to concentrate due to my hyperactivity. My mother describes how I ate standing in one leg at the table and with the other knee resting in the chair, constantly moving. She also said that usually, I spilled my milk during my breakfast because I wouldn’t stop moving.

My mom took me to a psychologist who decided that I was gifted but immature. Well, show me a mature child! At 6 to 10 years old, all children are immature.

I realize now that I had ADHD (still do). But back in my time, around the 70s this diagnostic was not existent, at least in Cuba where I was born. Because I was not diagnosed when I was a child I think that my brain found a way to overcome that condition by multitasking.

My two oldest children (27 and 25) have ADD, my 18 years old has ADHD. So, the gene is in the family. I agree with this statement they often seem to act before they think, and they find it difficult to follow rules (Barkley, 2015) this was me, but time and family changed me. However, I disagree with the next one… “Genetic anomaly like this one clearly and dramatically demonstrates the strong link between biology and social behavior (Parke, Roisman, & Rose, 2019).

We are social and respectful to people, and we all can make friends and talk to persons we don’t know. Although I was problematic at home, my mom never had a complaint about me disrupting the class, and the same goes for my children. My 27 years, old is studying medicine at Wayne State University in Detroit and he holds to bachelors Organic Chemistry and Biology). My 25 years, old holds two bachelors’ as well, Physics, and Philosophy and he is studying while working, to take the test to continue to his master. My 18 years, old is currently at FIU in honor classed for Computer Sciences. They are all loved, and my house is full of their friends more than frequently.

The reason why my children and I, were never disrespectful or trouble makers during school and that we are very sociable is unknown to me. Maybe, it is how we were raised or in my children’s case because they were diagnosed and treated.

 

Parke, R. D., Roisman, G. I., & Rose, A. J. (2019). Social development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

 

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If my parents rated me as a young child on the temperament dimensions discussed in Chapter 3, they would have said I was an easy baby. According to page 47 of the PowerPoint slide, Thomas and Chess said easy babies are, “friendly, happy, and adaptable”. Unlike my younger brother, I allowed everyone to hold me and play with me when I was a baby. My brother was a bit more reserved and clung to my mom. I was very comfortable with both parents and other friends and family as well. Genes and environment are closely related. I believe that my environment shaped my temperament. I believe my temperament has remained the same throughout my life. Going through elementary school, middle school, high school, and now college, I’ve seen my personality evolve but always remain the same at the core. Although, I can be reserved at times depending on the environment I am in. I believe basic temperament can change or remain the same based on your social group and what you allow yourself to see and hear. If I continue to surround myself with individuals who remind me of my childhood, I believe my temperament will remain the same. However, I may not know how to behave around people with different personalities than what I’m used to. I have always been very patient and loving to my family members and friends. I hope I can pass those traits onto my children one day. My biological genetics helped my temperament remain constant throughout the years as well as the way my parents raised me.

Parke, R. D., Roisman, G. I., & Rose, A. J. (2019). Social development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

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If I was rated by my parents based on the temperament dimensions discussed this week, my parents would have considered me a very easy baby. I was always very easy going, didn’t cry much, calm and happy. Those are some of the qualities that were discussed in the powerpoint. I occasionally let others hold me which would be considered an easy baby, but mostly I was more attached to my mother and sometimes my father but really my mom. I think my temperament has remained pretty stable throughout my whole life. According to my parents, I became a little more feisty as I got older. Compared to my brother, my parents say that I was always the one to stand up to so called “bullies” as I was younger. My personality of course has shifted in some ways as I’ve grown up, but I feel like my basic morals and principles of life have always remained the same. Even with people that I interact with that have different temperaments and different personalities I find myself still being able to be me and I hope to be able to show my children the same ways I behave now. I believe that showing children strategies of remaining calm and patient when dealing with things that may easily frustrate someone is very important to help ones temperament in life. I believe that my environment probably shaped my temperament because I began spending more time with my dad and my uncles as an older toddler to teenage years which I believe is probably where I developed my change in temperament.

 

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When discussing temperament dimensions, I was a mix of easy and difficult baby. I was difficult when born due to having jaundice, colic and my parents began to learn I had asthma, allergies and food sensitives. So, while I was happy, easy and friendly, I also had underlying health issues that would often make me fussy or upset. When I was sick, I only wanted my parents to hold me or to be left alone. (My dad always tells me I “couldn’t be bothered.”) If I was feeling well, I didn’t know a stranger. I would let anyone hold me and even randomly talk to people at the grocery store. (Apparently don’t talk to strangers did not sit well with me as a child.)

As I got older and my parents understood more of what caused me to be a fussy baby and it was easier to control. I had the correct diagnosis and medications. They learned what foods I could and could not have. They were able to pin point I had allergy induced asthma and needed medication and an inhaler. In return I also learned these things from a young age and knew what I needed to do to stay healthy.

Now that I am older, I do think my temperament has changed a little. When I am sick, I still prefer to be left alone, and not bothered. However, I am slower to warm up to people now. I’m typically not the first person to start a conversation unless I know the people I am around, but I can hold a conversation with anyone. I do believe this has do with my environment and just having a better understanding of how the world works. I feel like this is more of a choice. I can easily socialize and get along with others, but I choose more of my conversations now.

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