Sociology 3750: Alcohol and Drug Abuse / Beck Reading Response #2 This

Sociology 3750: Alcohol and Drug Abuse / Beck

Reading Response #2

This reading response assignment is based on Chapter 2, The Lockdown, in The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, By Michelle Alexander. Please answer all the questions and prompts below by writing in narrative/discussion format for each question. Your entire Reading Response should be approximately 3-4 pages long, double-spaced. (Please check Blackboard for the due date and the link to upload your assignment to.)

NOTE: For this reading response paper, PLEASE USE THE SAME NUMBERING BELOW TO STRUCTURE YOUR PAPER. That is, use these subheadings: Part A: a, b, and Part B: a, b, c…then simply write in your responses to each section.

Michelle Alexander claims overall that the war on drugs that began in the mid-1980s has undermined American’s Constitutional rights, specifically our Fourth Amendment protections against unlawful search and seizure.

Part A: First, please briefly discuss the two questions, below:

How generally do real drug trials differ from those we see in TV shows or other entertainment media? (Answer in a few sentences.)

Next, please discuss generally how the war on drugs that began in the mid-1980s has eroded civil liberties: How, as Alexander claims, has the Supreme Court, “seized every opportunity to facilitate the drug war, primarily through eviscerating [gutting] the Fourth Amendment” (Alexander, 2010:61), and its protections against arbitrary searches and seizures? (Please offer an overall answer to this question in a few sentences here. Then…)

Part B: Now elaborate on the erosion of the Fourth Amendment by explaining each of the following terms or laws below (a-d).

Use your own words, there is no need to use direct quotes for this assignment, but be sure to include evidence and facts from the chapter to support your claims. The following laws and practices allow for wide police discretion (that is, police power to decide who to stop and how to act in any given situation).

Terry v. Ohio—what was ruled? And what was Justice Douglas’ dissenting opinion? Why was the Terry Stop ruling a “slippery slope”? Do they require probable cause? (Explain in a short paragraph.)

“Consent Searches” Tell what consent searches are and how they work, and how they and how do they aid police in the war on drugs? (Explain in approximately 1-3 paragraphs, using adequate detail by including an explanation of the following prompts in your discussion):

Florida v. Bostick—explain this case: what did the Florida Supreme Court rule? What then did the U.S. Supreme Court rule?

In searching for drugs when there is no probable cause to suspect a person is carrying drugs, how might Blacks and Latinos, more so than Whites, potentially become the targets of consent searches, which are often used in suspicionless bus and train sweeps?

Pretext Stops—(Explain in approximately 2-4 paragraphs, using adequate detail by first defining what pretext stops are and then discussing the prompts below):

Operation Pipeline, launched by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)—explain this in detail.

Are most people who are stopped guilty of drug possession? What are the ratios of guilty to innocent? Discuss using some data and examples.

How might this kind of drug war tactic undermine the Fourth Amendment?

Are drug courier profiles specific and reliable? Explain.

Please define and briefly explain in a short paragraph for each how any *two* of the specific drug war tactics below function, offering a specific example or two, or other data from Chapter Two (See pages 72-93):

Drug Task forces

SWAT Teams

Civil Asset Forfeiture

Plea Bargains and Time Served

Lastly, please conclude your reading response paper with a few sentences offering your overall reactions to and ideas about what you read in this chapter.

(Note: An excellent paper will both define concepts and offer specific examples, data, and facts. It will be clearly written, and edited, before it is handed in.)