The federal government must rely on specific powers granted by the Constitution

The federal government must rely on specific powers granted by the Constitution to pass criminal laws.

Discuss the importance of the Commerce Clause and the jurisdictional power it grants to the federal government to enact criminal laws.

Before one can be punished for committing a crime, the prosecution must prove two essential elements exist.

Identify what is meant by mens rea and actus reus and what the burden of proof is for a criminal conviction. How is the burden of proof different for civil cases?