What: Everything that follows on this page is geared toward introducing you


Everything that follows on this page is geared toward introducing you to the basics of research and documentation. There are quite a few links, many of which introduce the same concept but from different angles, so depending on your learning style, there’s something here for you.

Don’t be overwhelmed by the length and scope of the assignment–if you look below, there’s an example of what you’re supposed to do, and you’ll see that what you’re being asked to produce is actually rather short. The takeaway here is the resources compiled on this page and your comfort level with finding and using them. You will use them again as you move through academia, so save the ones you find useful given that you won’t have continued access to this course upon completing the final exam in a few weeks.

A bibliography is simply a list of sources you’ve used in your research and writing that stand in support of claims you’ve made or as springboards into your own ideas: interviews, books, periodicals, Web sites, images, etc.

An annotated bibliography is simply a Works Cited that may include summaries or evaluations of the sources you’ve listed. We’re using MLA (Click Me(https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_overview_and_workshop.html) for Information on the New MLA ), so we use the words “Works Cited” rather than “Bibliography” (that would be APA(https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_style_introduction.html )—same idea, though.

You’re tasked with writing an annotated bibliography (details below) on any topic or topics of your choice (1, 2, or 3 different topics–up to you). Understand that the topic(s) are truly second to the process and resources listed herein and won’t be used to build your next assignment.

Specifics for this assignment:

A. Choose three different kinds of sources, and write proper Works Cited entries–also called “citations”–(https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_works_cited_page_basic_format.html)/ pp. 107-197, MLA Handbook) for them.

You may only use one source from the open web.

One of your sources must be a print source directly from our library (https://lib.morainevalley.edu/main/home ) to an external site. or a library local to you.

Normally when researching, the medium (online, database, print, etc.) wouldn’t matter and would be more so dictated by what you’re researching, but I’m asking you to use three different kinds for a few reasons:

So you look beyond Google–yep, Google is amazing, but there are other research options out there you will need to use more and more as you move through school.

So you rediscover the physical library and its incredibly useful resources, librarians included.

So you discover and understand that you write citations using the same process for any and all mediums (that is, you use the same process to write a citation for, say, a website and a chapter from a hardcopy book):

A bit of explanation–it’s dry, but super useful:


Okay, she’s a lil’ goofy, but she’s also spot-on accurate–have a look:


B.  Underneath each separate source, briefly tell me (I’m your audience this time around) where and how you found the source.  

Be specific. 

The point of this is for you to learn to conduct searches and reproduce them; that is, the sources you’ll use for this assignment don’t matter as much as the processes you’ll use to find them.  Example: If you walk into the library and grab a magazine off the shelf randomly to fulfill your required print source, you’re missing the point–sure you can do that, but when it comes time for you to use the library systems to find specific information, chances are good you’ll be lost.

C.  Underneath each separate source, briefly tell me what you know about its credibility; perhaps more importantly, tell me how you know about its credibility or lack thereof.  That is, evaluate the source: (Click Me (https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/conducting_research/evaluating_sources_of_information/index.html))

Use the language and concepts from this document when you answer to shape your thinking: Click Me (I will attach the file, the file called Evaluating information 2-2). Note that the example I’ve provided below doesn’t use the terms from this document, but I want you to!

You may find this video on Lateral Reading helpful in determining credibility–have a peek. (I will attach the file its called lateral reading video-Stanford course)

D.  Underneath each separate source, write a short paragraph that integrates and properly documents a paraphrase (Click Me, Too(https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/using_research/quoting_paraphrasing_and_summarizing/paraphrasing.html) / pp. 98-100, 252-284, MLA Handbook) or a direct quotation (You May as Well Click Me, Too( https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_formatting_quotations.html)/ pp. 100-101, 252-284, MLA Handbook) from said source.  Don’t overdo it—all I’m looking for with this paragraph is that you understand this next bit of information:

Always, always, always observe these basic steps each time you integrate an outside source (quote, paraphrase, image, summary, chart, fact, etc.) into your own writing:

 Lead into the information with your own voice; that is, introduce it to your audience.    

Add the information and cite it in the text (https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_in_text_citations_the_basics.html) / pp. 227-252, MLA Handbook).

Respond to the information according to the controlling idea of your thesis with your reader in mind; that is, use it rather than simply reporting it.


We’re switching gears from writing personal essays to writing essays that incorporate outside voices and ideas into your own voice and style.  The importance of you maintaining your voice cannot be stressed enough—you should not revert to the voiceless, robotic mode so often associated with research-based writing.  

That said, this assignment is a lower-stakes opportunity for you to practice finding, evaluating, integrating, documenting, and properly using outside information into your own ideas and writing.  

You’re not writing a paper this time around; rather, you’re practicing techniques and ideas you’ll use when you are asked to write research-based papers for this class and otherwise.  



Organize your work in this specific order one source at a time:

Write your Works Cited entry / citation;

Below that, add a brief explanation of your process of location (keywords, database names, etc.);

Below that, add a brief evaluation of credibility; and

Below that, write a brief paragraph integrating the source and proper documentation.


Check it out: I will attach the file it called annotated bibliography example. This file shows how the paper should look like.

Additional Information: 

Do not write an essay.

The content of this annotated bibliography will not be connected to the upcoming research project; the skill set is. 

Do not include more than the three required sources; if you do, I’ll only look at the first three.

You are welcome to use any topic(s) as a basis for this assignment; what you choose will be separate from our next assignment.  Go with your interests or needs.