Your response to each prompt should take the form of a short

Your response to each prompt should take the form of a short essay (maximum 1000 words, or about 4 double spaced pages, for each prompt).  Consult your notes, the course readings and lectures, and information learned during field trips and field entries. 

Writing Tips: 
A strong essay response will include a clear thesis statement, address your points in an organized way, and end with a conclusion statement. I suggest that you explain key concepts and flesh out the points of your arguments with evidence and examples we have covered in class. You may choose to include appropriate outside material (for example, papers you read for your proposal or other readings not covered in our class), but your use of outside material should complement course materials to demonstrate your understanding of course concepts. You may find it helpful to start with an outline of your essay to guide your writing. I suggest that you proofread your essays before submitting to catch any spelling or grammatical errors before you submit your responses.

Your essay should be typed in 12-point font in a word document with 1-inch margins. Your response to each prompt should be written in your own words and include proper APA citation of your references.


Strawberries. Strawberries are one of the most economically lucrative crops grown in the California central coast. Describe at least three problems associated with growing strawberries in this region. Then, describe three ways in which growers could or do use principles of agroecology (including practices, research, and/or social movements) to reduce the impacts of these problems. 

Course materials you can use: Holmes_etal_2020.pdf, Gliessman&Muramoto_2010.pdf, Guthman_2016.pdf, ENVS130C_Lecture10_MuramotoGuestLecture.pdf

Coffee. Coffee is an export crop frequently grown within or near biodiversity hotspots. Coffee production also provides livelihoods for millions of farmers and farm worker families. Describe how coffee production systems can be managed to conserve biodiversity. What obstacles do farmers face in managing their farms in a way that supports conservation? What possibilities exist (or could exist) for protecting both biodiversity and livelihoods of the people who grow our coffee?

Course materials you can use: Vandermeer_etal_2010.pdf, Vandermeer_etal_2010.pdf, Philpott_etal_2007.pdf, Jha_etal_2014.pdf