Technological Advancements of the Eleventh Century

Various technological advancements took place in the 11th century, including the use of paper money as currency and the movable type printing press. Even though paper money was used in China in around 1023, Europe began using paper money around 1601 when Marco Polo wrote a chapter about money. As such, the Europeans who had been using coins as their means of currency were able to substitute them some for money (Beattie). More so, the use of paper money in Europe was influenced by the lack of cash in various areas and hence, the use of additional paper money as cash.

            The other important invention of the eleventh century was the movable type printing press. It influenced the printing industry and helped Europe gain global recognition. In Europe, this period was popularly known for the influence of the church. As such, books were printed during this period, and Europe did the mass distribution of these printed books (History).

Another technological advancement was the use of a three-field system. Before the three-field system, Europe’s agricultural system comprised of a two-field system where crops were grown for two seasons. However, there was an introduction of the three-field system after the medieval farmers who used the two-field. The three-field system comprised of spring crops like barley, then winter crops such as wheat. The remaining piece was left for the purpose of feeding livestock. This land also had time to regain the nutritious elements during the time it was left uncropped. It influenced Europe by ensuring increased productivity.


Works Cited

Beattie, Andrew. The history of money. 13 March 2019. 29 March 2020. <>.

History. 7 Ways the printing press changed the world. 28 August 2019. 29 March 2020. <>.