Physics discoveries of the past century, which include the development of quantum mechanics and the Standard Model of elementary particle physics successful testing, has greatly influenced our lives. However, there is a mystery how two of the leading forces in nature, electromagnetic forces, and the weak seem to join together and to be a single entity.
The discovery of Albert Einstein’s famous 1910 equation for the theory of relativity, E=mc2. This theory states that there is nothing that can travel faster than the speed of light, subatomic particles moving more quickly than the speed of light has been documented by CERN scientists, Switzerland based European organization of nuclear research. CERN spokesman James Gullies say they have collected data and made an observation for three years, and they are not ready to proclaim a discovery. James Gullies try to defend that there must be some problem in the design of the experiment, the method of analyzing the data, or the equipment used. The collaboration between CERN and the world’s physicists around the world has tried to verify their measurements of strange subatomic particles called “neutrinos” independently but has not gone away. Researchers from France and Italy fired a neutrino beam and found that it traveled 60 billionths of a second faster than the speed of light.
Another challenge is that physicists have not achieved a unified theory of the fundamental forces. There is no quantum theory of forces of nature, including the powers of actions within the atomic nucleus gravity and electromagnetism. The dream of Einstein was to develop a unified field theory that would describe all different forces that act on particles in a single set of equations. Einstein tried to solve this problem until he died and never solved it.
Some limitations are evident in the standard Model when trying to account for the forces of gravity. The standard Model combines the strengths of electromagnetism and the weak and strong forces. Still, severe mathematical inconsistencies is experienced when physicist try to include gravity as a fourth force in the Standard Model.
Einstein’s general theory of relativity (gravity) and quantum mechanics as the central pillar of physics require a new theoretical framework that can combine them. The most important goals are to try reconciling these two things.