Britain is a unitary country that has devolution, which is found within the frameworks of a parliamentary democracy placed under a constitutional monarch where the monarch is the head of the state and prime minister, the head of the government. The country was not a democratic nation until the start of the 20th century, where Representation of People’s Act in 1918 and also 1928 resulted in giving men and women above 21 the right to vote. Currently, every person above the age of 18 can vote in Britain except for some criminals, lords, and mentally ill, where voting is a secret, and no one is allowed to see another person’s vote. There are 651 constituencies overall in Britain, which is roughly an even size (Office for National Statistics, 2018).
Great Britain has adopted a monarch and a parliamentary system, which is led by the queen as the head of state and the prime minister as the head of government, respectively. The parliament is headed by the prime minister, who is the leader of the party that has the most seats in the country. In the case of the parliamentary system in Britain, they can vote for no-confidence, which can result in the falling of the government, and a new one can be inducted after an election (Parliament.uk, 2020). In a parliamentary form of governance, the legislature holds the highest seat while in the presidential form of governance, the president holds the highest rank and seat in governance. The prime minister is responsible in selecting all other ministers in Britain, and the prime minister, together with other senior-most ministers are responsible in making the decisions in the country and belong to the Cabinet (parliament.uk, 2020).
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Office for National Statistics. (2018, March 22). Electoral statistics, UK: 2017. Retrieved March 15, 2020, from Office for National Statistics: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/elections/electoralregistration/bulletins/electoralstatisticsforuk/2017
parliament.uk. (2020). Cabinet. Retrieved March 15, 2020, from www.parliament.uk: https://www.parliament.uk/site-information/glossary/cabinet/
Parliament.uk. (2020). Parliament and the Government. Retrieved March 15, 2020, from Parliament.uk: https://www.parliament.uk/about/how/role/parliament-government/