EAB3002 – Introduction to the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
Which of the following environmental changes most influences responding during a timeout from avoidance procedure?

The stimulus change signaling the onset of the timeout period

The reduction in overall frequency of the aversive event

The reduction in response effort during the timeout period

The increased availability of food during the timeout period

Question 2

1 / 1 pts
A real-life example of ______ can be seen in individuals suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder who compulsively wash their hands because they fear exposure to germs.

discriminated reinforcement

nondiscriminated avoidance

nondiscriminated reinforcement

discriminated avoidance

Question 3

1 / 1 pts
Research on the use of skin-shock punishment in treatment of self-injurious behavior:

shows many side effects of punishments

indicates that skin shocks have no effect on non-targeted behavior

found an increase in aggressive and destructive behavior with skin shocks

indicates that skin-shock treatment eliminates the need for physical restraint

Question 4

1 / 1 pts
In terms of dropping out, Sidman (2001) indicates that one basic element is:

escape due to a history of inescapable shock

escape due to contingencies of avoidance

escape due to punishment

escape due to negative reinforcement

Question 5

1 / 1 pts
Considering evidence gained by experimental behavior analysis, introducing spanking at a low intensity and gradually increasing intensity:

is an effective approach to reducing the problem behavior

eventually creates a situation where an unreasonable intensity is necessary

is more effective than maintaining a single intensity

is not as effective as maintaining a low intensity

Question 6

1 / 1 pts
When an aversive consequence is delivered to an individual, one possible side effect is that they retaliate in an aggressive manor toward the individual. This type of retaliatory behavior is known as:

reflexive aggression

operant aggression

learned helplessness

social disruption

Question 7

1 / 1 pts
Which of the following is true regarding escape and avoidance responses?

Animals acquire escape and avoidance responses at the same speed because they are both related through negative reinforcement

Animals acquire avoidance responses then escape responses because of negative reinforcement

Animals acquire escape responses faster than avoidance responses because the negative reinforcer is immediately absent

Animals acquire avoidance responses faster than escape responses because the positive reinforcer is immediately present

Question 8

1 / 1 pts
The response cost procedure is an example of ______.

negative reinforcement

negative punishment

positive punishment

positive reinforcement

Question 9

1 / 1 pts
The time between shocks or the ______ interval and the time away from shocks produced by responses or the _____ interval are two aspects of escape and avoidance.

aversive; postponement

shocking; responding

shock–shock; response–shock

temporal shock; response time

Question 10

1 / 1 pts
Consider the following example: “Paige got a ticket for littering. As a result she has to pick up trash along the highway for at least 20 hours.” This is an example of _______.

overcorrection

timeout procedure

response cost procedure

negative punishment