The Cost of Economic Growth

Wealthy nations have no responsibilities to the people and environment of developed nations in relation to labor. This position is informed by several reasons. Developing nations are largely to blame for the slow economic development they experience. These nations intentionally make poor decisions to sustain their authoritarian governments and are burdened by corruption in their executives. 

Citizens flee their country because of economic hardships. However, an interesting pattern emerges in countries experiencing emigration. Allison (2014) observed that poor nations such as Eritrea depended on poverty to maintain their authoritarian government. The author observed that the government was in charge of food programs and subsidies. Moreover, the Eritrean government was not interested in keeping people from moving away. Beside hard economic times, most developing countries are riddled with corruption which amplifies inequality and unemployment. Countries such as Nigeria, which has the largest proved oil reserve in Africa, are characterized by corruption and poor policies. Batovic (2016) reported that in 2014, oil revenues amounting to $19 billion was lost through oil corruption and theft. The author highlights that since 1960, Nigeria has similarly lost $400 billion making the oil industry theft among the largest industry in the country. According to an article on the Council on Foreign Affairs, Campbell (2019) observed that oil-producing countries in Africa had fallen into the trap of oil dependency and made no effort to diversify. Other countries across the world, such as Ukraine, Somalia, South Sudan, and Syria have fallen into civil wars with multiple parties constantly failing to reach an agreement and thereby displacing their populations. It thus follows that countries experiencing wealthy nations have no responsibilities toward these countries as they fail to solve their issues.

Given that companies in wealthy nations emphasize on reducing the cost of operation they would thus exploit cheap labor by these immigrants which I agree with. This assertion is also supported by Hite and Seitz (2016) who observed that corporations moved to developing nations to escape the stricter environment and labor nations in their home countries. This raises questions as to why developing nations lower the bar on labor standards.

Though wealthy nations have no responsibility towards the exploitation of immigrants and workers abroad, there is a need to protect children from being exploited. However, this burden should not only be shouldered by wealthy nations but also by developing nations as well. Companies exploiting child labor should be prosecuted. Overall, wealthy nations have little to no responsibility when it comes to the exploitation of adult immigrants in the workforce. 

References

Allison, S. (2019). Think Again: Eritrean authoritarianism and human trafficking in the Sinai – ISS Africa. Retrieved from https://issafrica.org/iss-today/think-again-eritrean-authoritarianism-and-human-trafficking-in-the-sinai

Batovic, A. (2016, June 4). How Corruption And Oil Crime Are Tearing Nigeria Apart. OilPrice.com. https://oilprice.com/Energy/Crude-Oil/How-Corruption-And-Oil-Crime-Are-Tearing-Nigeria-Apart.html

Campbell, J. (2019, February 13). Nigeria Is Oil Dependent, not Oil Rich. Council on Foreign Relations. https://www.cfr.org/blog/nigeria-oil-dependent-not-oil-rich

Hite, K. A., & Seitz, J. L. (2016). Global Issues: An Introduction. John Wiley & Sons.